Effect of race and marital status on mothers' observed parenting and adolescent adjustment in youth with type 1 diabetes.

Lord JH, Young MT, Gruhn MA, Grey M, Delamater AM, Jaser SS
J Pediatr Psychol. 2015 40 (1): 132-43

PMID: 25248850 · PMCID: PMC4288306 · DOI:10.1093/jpepsy/jsu078

OBJECTIVE - To examine demographic differences in parenting behaviors and adjustment in youth with type 1 diabetes. 

METHODS - Adolescents' psychosocial adjustment was assessed via self-reports and parent reports, and clinical data were obtained from adolescents' medical records. Mother-adolescent dyads (N = 93) engaged in a videotaped discussion task, which was coded for observed parenting behaviors.

RESULTS - Single and non-White mothers exhibited significantly more overinvolved and less collaborative parenting behaviors. Higher levels of overinvolved parenting and lower levels of collaborative parenting were associated with poorer adolescent adjustment (i.e., higher levels of externalizing problems). Observed parenting was not significantly associated with glycemic control. There was an indirect effect of marital status and race/ethnicity on externalizing behaviors through parenting.

CONCLUSIONS - The current study highlights parenting as a potential target for interventions, especially in single and minority mothers, to improve adjustment in this population.

© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society of Pediatric Psychology. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

MeSH Terms (16)

Adolescent African Americans Child Cooperative Behavior Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1 European Continental Ancestry Group Female Hispanic Americans Humans Internal-External Control Male Marital Status Mother-Child Relations Parenting Self Report Social Adjustment

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