Coping with the stress of parental depression II: adolescent and parent reports of coping and adjustment.

Jaser SS, Langrock AM, Keller G, Merchant MJ, Benson MA, Reeslund K, Champion JE, Compas BE
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2005 34 (1): 193-205

PMID: 15677293 · DOI:10.1207/s15374424jccp3401_18

This study examined associations between adolescents' self-reports and parents' reports of adolescents' exposure to family stress, coping, and symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression in a sample of 78 adolescent offspring of depressed parents. Significant cross-informant correlations were found between adolescents' reports of family stress, their stress responses, and their coping and parents' reports of adolescents' symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression, but not between parents' reports of adolescents' stress and coping and adolescents' self-reported symptoms. Adolescents' reports of secondary control engagement coping and involuntary engagement stress responses mediated the relation between adolescents' reports of parental stress and parents' reports of adolescents' anxiety/depression symptoms. Moderate levels of correspondence were found in the correlations between parent and adolescent reports of adolescents' exposure to stress, coping, stress responses, and symptoms even after controlling for parents' current depressive symptoms. However, depressed parents reported higher levels of symptoms of anxiety/depression and aggression and more family stress than did their adolescent offspring. Implications for future research on coping and adjustment in offspring of depressed parents are highlighted.

MeSH Terms (11)

Adaptation, Psychological Adolescent Adult Anxiety Child Depression Female Humans Male Parent-Child Relations Stress, Psychological

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