Maternal sadness and adolescents' responses to stress in offspring of mothers with and without a history of depression.

Jaser SS, Fear JM, Reeslund KL, Champion JE, Reising MM, Compas BE
J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol. 2008 37 (4): 736-46

PMID: 18991125 · PMCID: PMC2600864 · DOI:10.1080/15374410802359742

This study examined maternal sadness and adolescents' responses to stress in the offspring (n = 72) of mothers with and without a history of depression. Mothers with a history of depression reported higher levels of current depressive symptoms and exhibited greater sadness during interactions with their adolescent children (ages 11-14) than mothers without a history of depression. Similarly, adolescent children of mothers with a history of depression experienced higher rates of internalizing and externalizing symptoms than adolescents of mothers without a history of depression. Regression analyses indicated that adolescents' use of secondary control coping mediated the relationship between observed maternal sadness and adolescents' internalizing and externalizing symptoms, in that higher levels of secondary control coping (e.g., cognitive reframing) were related to fewer symptoms.

MeSH Terms (18)

Adaptation, Psychological Adolescent Adult Attention Deficit and Disruptive Behavior Disorders Child Child of Impaired Parents Depression Depressive Disorder Female Humans Internal-External Control Male Middle Aged Mother-Child Relations Mothers Personality Inventory Risk Factors Stress, Psychological

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