PURPOSE - We theorized that progressive bladder dysfunction due to clinical diagnoses such as outlet obstruction occurs as a result of cyclical oxidative stress events. We hypothesized that measurement of F2-isoprostane, a marker of lipid peroxidation, could serve as a biomarker of oxidative stress in the murine bladder.
MATERIALS AND METHODS - At age 5 to 6 weeks oophorectomized female mice were subjected to 1 of 2 bladder injury models, that is partial bladder outlet obstruction or acute bladder distension. The time points studied after injury included 4, 8 and 16 weeks after obstruction, and 0 to 48 hours after acute bladder distension. In a separate group short-term repetitive acute bladder distension was performed every other day for 14 days. Bladder samples were analyzed for F2-isoprostane using gas chromatography and mass spectroscopy. Mean tissue F2-isoprostane levels were compared.
RESULTS - F2-isoprostane increased significantly after 4 weeks of partial bladder outlet obstruction from 1.46 ng/gm in controls to 2.31 ng/gm at 4 weeks (p = 0.01). Eight and 16 weeks after partial bladder outlet obstruction F2-isoprostane remained significantly elevated (2.39 and 2.48 ng/gm, respectively). Acute bladder distension resulted in a significant increase in F2-isoprostane immediately after distension compared to controls (1.6 vs 0.75 ng/gm, p = 0.04). In mice that underwent repetitive acute bladder distension F2-isoprostane did not change.
CONCLUSIONS - Measurement of tissue F2-isoprostane in the bladder reflects the progression of oxidative stress, primarily in chronic injury models such as partial bladder outlet obstruction. The usefulness of F2-isoprostane measurements in shorter term injury models requires further study.
Copyright © 2014 American Urological Association Education and Research, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.