Pro-inflammatory HDL in women with obesity and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis.

Sarkar S, Tsuchida Y, Diab R, Xu C, Yermalitsky V, Davies SS, Ikizler TA, Hung AM, Kon V, Flynn CR
Obes Res Clin Pract. 2020 14 (4): 333-338

PMID: 32595023 · PMCID: PMC7507596 · DOI:10.1016/j.orcp.2020.06.002

BACKGROUND - Individuals with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which includes non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), are at increased risk for cardiovascular events, independent of traditional risk factors. Limited data on pro-inflammatory high density lipoprotein (HDL) in NASH exists in the literature. We hypothesized that HDL from individuals with NASH would be more pro-inflammatory than HDL from individuals without NASH.

METHODS - Study participants were individuals with obesity who had undergone bariatric surgery with wedge liver biopsy. Using HDL isolated from serum obtained from study participants at the time of surgery, HDL-elicited macrophage cytokine expression (TNF-α, IL-1β, and IL-6) from THP-1 macrophages, HDL-associated receptor expression (ABCA1 and ABCG1) from apolipoprotein E deficient (apo E) mouse peritoneal macrophages, and isolevuglandin (isoLG) modified HDL were measured.

RESULTS - 11 women with NASH and 15 women without NASH were included in the study. Both TNF-α (P = 0.032) and IL-1β (P = 0.029) were significantly more expressed by THP-1 macrophages exposed to HDL from women with NASH compared to women without NASH. ABCA1 and ABCG1 expression by apo E mouse peritoneal macrophages was not significantly different when exposed to HDL from either women with NASH or women without NASH. IsoLG-modified HDL isolated from the serum of women with NASH trended higher than women without NASH.

CONCLUSION - Our study suggests a more pro-inflammatory HDL in women with obesity and NASH compared to women with obesity and without NASH.

Copyright © 2020 Asia Oceania Association for the Study of Obesity. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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