The molecular mechanisms by which transcription is selectively activated and precisely controlled by signal transducer and activator of transcription (Stat) factors represent a central issue in cytokine-mediated cellular responses. Stat6 mediates responses to IL-4 and antagonizes Stat1 activated by IFN-gamma. We have discovered that Stat6 binds to collaborator of Stat6 (CoaSt6), a protein that lacks conventional coactivator motifs but contains three iterations of a domain found in the variant histone macroH2A. Although macroH2A participates in transcriptional silencing, the macro domains of CoaSt6 increased IL-4-induced gene expression. Moreover, CoaSt6 amplified Stat6-mediated but not IFN-gamma-induced gene expression, providing evidence of a selective coregulator of Stat-mediated gene transcription.