Cerebral lactate turnover after electroshock: in vivo measurements by 1H/13C magnetic resonance spectroscopy.

Petroff OA, Novotny EJ, Avison M, Rothman DL, Alger JR, Ogino T, Shulman GI, Prichard JW
J Cereb Blood Flow Metab. 1992 12 (6): 1022-9

PMID: 1400641 · DOI:10.1038/jcbfm.1992.139

We reported earlier that brain activation by 10 s of cortical electroshock caused prolonged elevation of brain lactate without significant change in intracellular pH, brain high-energy phosphorylated metabolites, or blood gases. The metabolic state of the elevated lactate has been investigated in further experiments using combined, in vivo 1H-observed 13C-edited nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMRS), homonuclear J-edited 1H-NMRS, and high-resolution 1H-NMRS of perchloric acid extracts to monitor concentrations and 13C-isotopic fractions of brain and blood lactate and glucose. We now report that electroshock-elevated lactate pool in rabbit brain approaches equilibrium with blood glucose within 1 h. There was nearly complete turnover of the raised lactate pool in brain; any pool of metabolically inactive lactate could not have been > 5% of the total. In the same experiments, blood lactate underwent < 50% turnover in 1 h. The new 1H-spectroscopic methods used for these experiments are readily adaptable for the study of human brain and may be useful in characterizing the metabolic state of elevated lactate pools associated with epilepsy, stroke, trauma, tumors, and other pathological conditions.

MeSH Terms (9)

Animals Brain Carbon Isotopes Electroshock Female Hydrogen Lactates Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy Rabbits

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