Raymond Hakim
Last active: 6/9/2014

Uremic patients have decreased shear-induced platelet aggregation mediated by decreased availability of glycoprotein IIb-IIIa receptors.

Sreedhara R, Itagaki I, Hakim RM
Am J Kidney Dis. 1996 27 (3): 355-64

PMID: 8604704 · DOI:10.1016/s0272-6386(96)90358-3

Bleeding and platelet dysfunction are prominent features of uremia. Sh ear-induced platelet aggregation (SIPA) involves the interaction of von Willebrand factor (vWF) with platelet membrane glycoproteins (GP) Ib and IIb-IIIa, the same receptor-ligand pair involved in in vivo adhesion and aggregation of platelets in the arterial circulation. We have used a modified rotational cone-plate viscometer to measure SIPA and calcium flux in platelets. Flow cytometric analysis of the surface expression of GP Ib and IIb-IIIa was performed using flourescein isothiocyanate-conjugated monoclonal antibodies CD42b and CD41a, respectively. Uremic patients showed decreased SIPA (controls, 43% +/- 2% [mean +/- SEM]; chronic renal failure patients, 36% +/- 3%; chronic hemodialysis patients, 26% +/- 2%; P < 0.001) along with a decrease in GP IIb-IIIa (controls, chronic renal failure patients, and chronic hemodialysis patients, 840 +/- 25, 649 +/- 42, 661 +/- 38 mean flourescence intensity, respectively; P < 0.0001). Glycoprotein Ib in uremic patients was not significantly different from normal. Chronic hemodialysis patients also demonstrated increased platelet-bound fibrinogen (P < 0.001) and platelet-bound vWF (p < 0.01). Calcium flux and thromboxane B(2) generation during SIPA of uremic platelets was normal. However, uremic plasma showed twice the normal concentration of vWF (P < 0.001) and sodium dodecyl sulfate agarose gel electrophoresis revealed the presence of fibrinogen fragments. Mixing experiments demonstrated an inhibitory effect of uremic plasma on SIPA of normal platelets (decreased from 39% +/- 3% at baseline to 31% +/- 3% after incubation in uremic plasma) along with an activation-independent increase in platelet-bound fibrinogen and platelet-bound vWF. When uremic platelets were incubated in normal plasma, their SIPA increased from 12% +/- 5% at baseline to 18% +/- 4% after incubation in normal plasma; (P = 0.002), although it did not return to normal. These results suggest that the uremic platelet dysfunction results from decreased GP IIb-IIa availability due to receptor occupancy by fibrinogen fragments (and possibly vWF fragments).

MeSH Terms (14)

Calcium Female Flow Cytometry Humans Kidney Failure, Chronic Male Middle Aged Platelet Aggregation Platelet Glycoprotein GPIIb-IIIa Complex Receptors, Cytoadhesin Renal Dialysis Thromboxane B2 Uremia von Willebrand Factor

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