Renal sympathetic nerves modulate glomerular ANP receptors and filtration.

Awazu M, Kon V, Harris RC, Imada T, Inagami T, Ichikawa I
Am J Physiol. 1991 261 (1 Pt 2): F29-35

PMID: 1650144 · DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.1991.261.1.F29

We examined characteristics of atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) receptors in glomeruli isolated from subacutely (3-5 days) denervated (DNX) and contralateral nondenervated (non-DNX) kidneys of normal rats (NL) and rats subjected to water deprivation for 48 h (WD). Total ANP receptor density in DNX kidneys of WD rats, measured by competitive inhibition binding between 125I-labeled ANP and ANP, was twofold higher than non-DNX kidneys (726 +/- 96 vs. 384 +/- 32 fmol/mg protein, P less than 0.05). Equilibrium association constant (Ka) was not significantly different (2.33 +/- 0.43 vs. 3.34 +/- 0.78 x 10(9) M-1). In NL rats, there was no difference in ANP receptor density between DNX and non-DNX kidneys (244 +/- 20 and 264 +/- 16 fmol/mg protein). Production of guanosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (cGMP), a putative second messenger of ANP, in response to ANP (10(-7) M) in glomeruli isolated from DNX was significantly larger than non-DNX kidneys of WD rats. To determine whether these changes in ANP receptors have functional consequences in vivo, glomerular capillary ultrafiltration coefficient (Kf) was assessed by micropuncture technique in WD Munich-Wistar rats. In DNX kidneys, ANP infusion (4 micrograms.kg-1.h-1) significantly increased whole kidney glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and single-nephron (SN) GFR (0.64 +/- 0.06 to 0.89 +/- 0.17 ml/min and 25 +/- 2 to 33 +/- 2 nl/min, respectively; n = 7) and Kf (1.26 +/- 0.29 to 2.18 +/- 0.41 nl.min-1.mmHg-1).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Atrial Natriuretic Factor Cyclic GMP Glomerular Filtration Rate Kidney Kidney Glomerulus Male Punctures Rats Rats, Inbred Strains Receptors, Atrial Natriuretic Factor Receptors, Cell Surface Sympathetic Nervous System

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