Serial determination of glomerular filtration rate in conscious mice using FITC-inulin clearance.

Qi Z, Whitt I, Mehta A, Jin J, Zhao M, Harris RC, Fogo AB, Breyer MD
Am J Physiol Renal Physiol. 2004 286 (3): F590-6

PMID: 14600035 · DOI:10.1152/ajprenal.00324.2003

Two nonradioactive methods for determining glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in conscious mice using FITC-labeled inulin (FITC-inulin) were evaluated. The first method measured GFR using clearance kinetics of plasma FITC-inulin after a single bolus injection. Based on a two-compartment model, estimated GFR was 236.69 +/- 16.55 and 140.20 +/- 22.27 microl/min in male and female C57BL/6J mice, respectively. Total or (5/6) nephrectomy reduced inulin clearance to 0 or 32.80 +/- 9.32 microl/min, respectively. Conversely, diabetes mellitus induced by streptozotocin was associated with increased GFR. The other approach measured urinary inulin clearance using intraperitoneal microosmotic pumps to deliver FITC-inulin and metabolic cages to collect timed urine samples. This approach yielded similar GFR values of 211.11 +/- 26.56 and 157.36 +/- 20.02 microl/min in male and female mice, respectively. These studies demonstrate the feasibility of repeated nonisotopic measurement of inulin clearance in conscious mice.

MeSH Terms (14)

Animals Consciousness Diabetes Mellitus, Experimental Female Fluorescein-5-isothiocyanate Fluorescent Dyes Glomerular Filtration Rate Injections Inulin Kidney Function Tests Male Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Nephrectomy

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