Changes in gene expression after temporary renal ischemia.

Safirstein R, Price PM, Saggi SJ, Harris RC
Kidney Int. 1990 37 (6): 1515-21

PMID: 2362405 · DOI:10.1038/ki.1990.143

Temporary renal ischemia is followed by increased DNA synthesis and cell division as the kidney restores the continuity of the renal epithelium. We sought to characterize some of the changes in proto-oncogene and growth factor expression during this proliferative response. Northern analysis of polyadenylated RNAs of kidney cortical and outer stripe of outer medullary tissue from male Sprague-Dawley rats was performed following release of renal hilar clamping of 50 minutes duration. Ischemia produced an increase in c-fos mRNA that reached a peak at one hour and declined rapidly to control levels by four hours after release of the clamp. A similar rapid increase and decrease in early growth response 1 (Egr 1) mRNA was noted. The response of these immediate early genes was typical of their response to mitogens, suggesting that they served a similar role in renal cell regeneration. Levels of c-Ki-ras and glyceraldehyde phosphate dehydrogenase mRNA were unchanged. Renal preproEGF mRNA decreased at two hours, was virtually absent by 24 hours and remained low for at least four days after ischemia. Urinary excretion of EGF fell immediately after release of ischemia and before the decline in preproEGF mRNA or SNGFR, suggesting post-transcriptional affects of ischemia on renal EGF production. EGF excretion returned to only 50% of control by day 21. Specific 125I-EGF binding increased in membrane fractions of cortex, outer medulla and inner medulla as early as 24 hours after release of the clamp. Cortical 125I-EGF binding increased in the proximal tubule but not in the glomerulus.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Blotting, Northern DNA Epidermal Growth Factor Gene Expression Immunoblotting Ischemia Kidney Male Protein Precursors Proto-Oncogenes Rats Rats, Inbred Strains RNA, Messenger Time Factors

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