Mto2p, a novel fission yeast protein required for cytoplasmic microtubule organization and anchoring of the cytokinetic actin ring.

Venkatram S, Jennings JL, Link A, Gould KL
Mol Biol Cell. 2005 16 (6): 3052-63

PMID: 15800064 · PMCID: PMC1142447 · DOI:10.1091/mbc.e04-12-1043

Microtubules regulate diverse cellular processes, including chromosome segregation, nuclear positioning, and cytokinesis. In many organisms, microtubule nucleation requires gamma-tubulin and associated proteins present at specific microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs). In fission yeast, interphase cytoplasmic microtubules originate from poorly characterized interphase MTOCs and spindle pole body (SPB), and during late anaphase from the equatorial MTOC (EMTOC). It has been previously shown that Mto1p (Mbo1p/Mod20p) function is important for the organization/nucleation of all cytoplasmic microtubules. Here, we show that Mto2p, a novel protein, interacts with Mto1p and is important for establishing a normal interphase cytoplasmic microtubule array. In addition, mto2Delta cells fail to establish a stable EMTOC and localize gamma-tubulin complex members to this medial structure. As predicted from these functions, Mto2p localizes to microtubules, the SPB, and the EMTOC in an Mto1p-dependent manner. mto2Delta cells fail to anchor the cytokinetic actin ring in the medial region of the cell and under conditions that mildly perturb actin structures, these rings unravel in mto2Delta cells. Our results suggest that the Mto2p and the EMTOC are critical for anchoring the cytokinetic actin ring to the medial region of the cell and for proper coordination of mitosis with cytokinesis.

MeSH Terms (24)

Actins Anaphase Antibodies, Monoclonal Bridged Bicyclo Compounds, Heterocyclic Cell Cycle Proteins Fluorescent Antibody Technique, Indirect Fluorescent Dyes Fungal Proteins Gene Deletion Green Fluorescent Proteins GTP-Binding Proteins Indoles Microscopy, Fluorescence Microscopy, Video Microtubule-Associated Proteins Microtubule-Organizing Center Microtubules Recombinant Fusion Proteins Schizosaccharomyces Schizosaccharomyces pombe Proteins Spindle Apparatus Thiazoles Thiazolidines Tubulin

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