H. Alex Brown
Principle Investigator; Professor of Pharmacology, Chemistry, and Biochemistry; Associate Director, VICB;
Last active: 2/12/2015

Molecular species of phosphatidylinositol-cycle intermediates in the endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane.

Shulga YV, Myers DS, Ivanova PT, Milne SB, Brown HA, Topham MK, Epand RM
Biochemistry. 2010 49 (2): 312-7

PMID: 20000336 · PMCID: PMC2805767 · DOI:10.1021/bi901551e

Phosphatidylinositol (PI) turnover is a process requiring both the plasma and ER membranes. We have determined the distribution of phosphatidic acid (PA) and PI and their acyl chain compositions in these two subcellular membranes using mass spectrometry. We assessed the role of PI cycling in determining the molecular species and quantity of these lipids by comparing the compositions of the two membranes isolated from embryonic fibroblasts obtained from diacylglycerol kinase epsilon (DGKepsilon) knockout (KO) and wild-type (WT) mice. In the KO cells, the conversion of arachidonoyl-rich DAG to PA is blocked by the absence of DGKepsilon, resulting in a reduction in the rate of PI cycling. The acyl chain composition is very similar for PI and PA in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) versus plasma membrane (PM) and for WT versus KO. However, the acyl chain profile for PI is very different from that for PA. This indicates that DGKepsilon is not facilitating the direct transfer of a specific species of PA between the PM and the ER. Approximately 20% of the PA in the ER membrane has one short acyl chain of 14 or fewer carbons. These species of PA are not converted into PI but may play a role in stabilizing regions of high positive curvature in the ER. There are also PI species in both the ER and PM for which there is no detectable PA precursor, indicating that these species of PI are unlikely to arise via the PI cycle. We find that in the PM of KO cells the levels of PI and of PA are decreased approximately 3-fold in comparison with those in either the PM of WT cells or the ER of KO cells. The PI cycle is slowed in the KO cells; hence, the lipid intermediates of the PI cycle can no longer be interconverted and are depleted from the PI cycle by conversion to other species. There is less of an effect of the depletion in the ER where de novo synthesis of PA occurs in comparison with the PM.

MeSH Terms (11)

Animals Cell Fractionation Cell Membrane Diacylglycerol Kinase Endoplasmic Reticulum Glycerophospholipids Kinetics Mice Mice, Knockout Models, Molecular Phosphatidylinositols

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