Regulation of glucose uptake and metabolism by working muscle. An in vivo analysis.

Zinker BA, Lacy DB, Bracy D, Jacobs J, Wasserman DH
Diabetes. 1993 42 (7): 956-65

PMID: 8513977 · DOI:10.2337/diab.42.7.956

To assess the mechanisms whereby muscular work stimulates glucose uptake and metabolism in vivo, dogs were studied during rest (-40-0 min), moderate exercise (0-90 min), and exercise recovery (90-180 min) with plasma glucose clamped at 5.0, 6.7, 8.3, and 10.0 mM (n = 5 at 5.0 mM and n = 4 at all other levels) using a variable glucose infusion. Basal insulin was maintained with somatostatin and insulin replacement. Whole-body glucose uptake, limb glucose uptake, and oxidative and nonoxidative glucose plus lactate metabolism, were assessed with tracers ([3H]glucose and [14C]glucose) and arteriovenous differences. The combined effects of glucose and exercise on the increment above resting values for limb glucose uptake, arteriovenous glucose difference, LGO, LGNO, and rate of glucose disappearance were synergistic (approximately 112, 90, 125, 76, and 90% greater than the additive values, respectively). Neither exercise nor recovery affected the Km for limb glucose uptake (4.7 +/- 1.1, 4.8 +/- 0.4, and 5.2 +/- 0.3 mM during rest, exercise, and recovery, respectively), but both conditions increased the Vmax (44 +/- 16, 217 +/- 30, and 118 +/- 14 mumol/min during rest, exercise, and recovery, respectively). Similarly, the Km for arteriovenous glucose differences were unaffected by exercise recovery (4.9 +/- 0.6, 5.0 +/- 0.4, and 5.3 +/- 0.3 mM during rest, exercise, and recovery, respectively), but the maximum rose (272 +/- 50, 650 +/- 78, and 822 +/- 111 microM during rest, exercise, and recovery, respectively). The LGO was unchanged by glycemia at rest (15 +/- 4 mumol/min at 10.0 mM). The Km for LGO during exercise was 5.1 +/- 0.3 mM, and the Vmax was 163 +/- 15. The capacity for LGO returned to basal during recovery. LGNO increased gradually with increasing glycemia during rest, exercise, and recovery and did not approach saturation (38 +/- 13, 105 +/- 36, and 132 +/- 45 mumol/min during rest, exercise, and recovery, respectively, at 10.0 mM). In general, the LGNO was elevated at every glucose level during exercise (approximately twofold) and recovery (approximately threefold) compared with rest. Arterial free fatty acid and glycerol levels decreased with increasing glycemia within all periods. Free fatty acids were suppressed by a greater amount during exercise compared with rest and recovery.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (17)

Alanine Animals Blood Glucose Carbon Radioisotopes Dogs Female Glucagon Glucose Glycerol Glycolysis Homeostasis Insulin Kinetics Lactates Male Muscles Physical Exertion

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