Glucoregulation during rest and exercise in depancreatized dogs: role of the acute presence of insulin.

Wasserman DH, Bupp JL, Johnson JL, Bracy D, Lacy DB
Am J Physiol. 1992 262 (5 Pt 1): E574-82

PMID: 1590369 · DOI:10.1152/ajpendo.1992.262.5.E574

To determine the effects of the presence of insulin in poorly controlled diabetes, depancreatized (PX) dogs (n = 5) were studied during rest and 150 min of exercise in paired experiments in which saline alone was infused (IDEF) and in which insulin was replaced intraportally (200 microU.kg-1.min-1) with glucose clamped at the levels in IDEF (IR+G). PX dogs (n = 4) were also studied with insulin, but glucose was allowed to fall (IR). Insulin was not detectable, 6 +/- 1 and 6 +/- 2 microU/ml in IDEF, IR+G, and IR. Plasma glucose was 470 +/- 47, 480 +/- 48, and 372 +/- 35 mg/dl at rest in IDEF, IR+G, and IR, respectively. Levels were unchanged with exercise in IDEF and IR+G, but fell by 139 +/- 13 mg/dl in IR. Basal glucose rate of appearance (Ra) was 7.0 +/- 0.9, 1.3 +/- 1.1, and 6.0 +/- 0.7 mg.kg-1.min-1 in IDEF, IR+G, and IR, respectively. Exercise elicited a rise in Ra in only IDEF. The rises in Rd and metabolic clearance rate in IDEF were reduced (delta 2.6 +/- 0.7 and delta 0.8 +/- 0.3 ml.kg-1.min-1 at 150 min) compared with IR+G (delta 5.3 +/- 1.9 and delta 1.7 +/- 0.2 ml.kg-1.min-1 at 150 min) and IR (delta 3.7 +/- 1.2 and delta 2.4 +/- 0.8 ml.kg-1.min-1). The insulin sensitivity of glucose utilization (Rd) was elevated by approximately 75% at 150 min. Basal glycerol was similar in IDEF and IR but was reduced by approximately 70% in IR+G. Glycerol rose similarly with exercise in IDEF and IR.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH Terms (15)

Animals Arteries Blood Glucose Catecholamines Dogs Fatty Acids, Nonesterified Glucagon Glucose Glycerol Hydrocortisone Insulin Kinetics Pancreatectomy Physical Exertion Rest

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