James Crowe
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/31/2019

Spleen Tyrosine Kinase (Syk) Mediates IL-1β Induction by Primary Human Monocytes during Antibody-enhanced Dengue Virus Infection.

Callaway JB, Smith SA, McKinnon KP, de Silva AM, Crowe JE, Ting JP
J Biol Chem. 2015 290 (28): 17306-20

PMID: 26032420 · PMCID: PMC4498069 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M115.664136

Approximately 500,000 people are hospitalized with severe dengue illness annually. Antibody-dependent enhancement (ADE) of dengue virus (DENV) infection is believed to contribute to the pathogenic cytokine storm described in severe dengue patients, but the precise signaling pathways contributing to elevated cytokine production are not elucidated. IL-1β is a potent inflammatory cytokine that is frequently elevated during severe dengue, and the unique dual regulation of IL-1β provides an informative model to study ADE-induced cytokines. This work utilizes patient-derived anti-DENV mAbs and primary human monocytes to study ADE-induced IL-1β and other cytokines. ADE of DENV serotype 2 (DENV-2) elevates mature IL-1β secretion by monocytes independent of DENV replication by 4 h postinoculation (hpi). Prior to this, DENV immune complexes activate spleen tyrosine kinase (Syk) within 1 hpi. Syk induces elevated IL1B, TNF, and IL6 mRNA by 2 hpi. Syk mediates elevated IL-1β secretion by activating ERK1/2, and both Syk and ERK1/2 inhibitors ablated ADE-induced IL-1β secretion. Maturation of pro-IL-1β during ADE requires caspase-1 and NLRP3, but caspase-1 is suboptimally increased by ADE and can be significantly enhanced by a typical inflammasome agonist, ATP. Importantly, this inflammatory Syk-ERK signaling axis requires DENV immune complexes, because DENV-2 in the presence of serotype-matched anti-DENV-2 mAb, but not anti-DENV-1 mAb, activates Syk, ERK, and IL-1β secretion. This study provides evidence that DENV-2 immune complexes activate Syk to mediate elevated expression of inflammatory cytokines. Syk and ERK may serve as new therapeutic targets for interfering with ADE-induced cytokine expression during severe dengue.

© 2015 by The American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.

MeSH Terms (20)

Antibodies, Viral Antibody-Dependent Enhancement Antigen-Antibody Complex Carrier Proteins Caspase 1 Cells, Cultured Dengue Dengue Virus Glyburide Humans Interleukin-1beta Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins MAP Kinase Signaling System Monocytes NLR Family, Pyrin Domain-Containing 3 Protein Protein-Tyrosine Kinases RNA, Messenger RNA, Small Interfering Syk Kinase Virus Replication

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