James Crowe
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/31/2020

Association of VH4-59 Antibody Variable Gene Usage with Recognition of an Immunodominant Epitope on the HIV-1 Gag Protein.

Chukwuma VU, Hicar MD, Chen X, Nicholas KJ, Joyner A, Kalams SA, Landucci G, Forthal DN, Spearman PW, Crowe JE
PLoS One. 2015 10 (7): e0133509

PMID: 26226263 · PMCID: PMC4520566 · DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0133509

The human antibody response against HIV-1 infection recognizes diverse antigenic subunits of the virion, and includes a high level of antibodies to the Gag protein. We report here the isolation and characterization of a subset of Gag-specific human monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) that were prevalent in the antibody repertoire of an HIV-infected individual. Several lineages of Gag-specifc mAbs were encoded by a single antibody heavy chain variable region, VH4-59, and a representative antibody from this group designated mAb 3E4 recognized a linear epitope on the globular head of the p17 subunit of Gag. We found no evidence that mAb 3E4 exhibited any function in laboratory studies aimed at elucidating the immunologic activity, including assays for neutralization, Ab-dependent cell-mediated virus inhibition, or enhanced T cell reactivity caused by Gag-3E4 complexes. The findings suggest this immunodominant epitope in Gag protein, which is associated with VH4-59 germline gene usage, may induce a high level of B cells that encode binding but non-functional antibodies that occupy significant repertoire space following HIV infection. The studies define an additional specific molecular mechanism in the immune distraction activity of the HIV virion.

MeSH Terms (14)

Amino Acid Sequence Antibodies, Monoclonal B-Lymphocytes Gene Products, gag Genes, Immunoglobulin HIV-1 HIV Antibodies HIV Infections Humans Immunodominant Epitopes Molecular Sequence Data Neutralization Tests T-Lymphocytes Virion

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