James Crowe
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/31/2020

Population-based incidence of human metapneumovirus infection among hospitalized children.

Williams JV, Edwards KM, Weinberg GA, Griffin MR, Hall CB, Zhu Y, Szilagyi PG, Wang CK, Yang CF, Silva D, Ye D, Spaete RR, Crowe JE
J Infect Dis. 2010 201 (12): 1890-8

PMID: 20446850 · PMCID: PMC2873123 · DOI:10.1086/652782

BACKGROUND - Human metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a leading cause of acute respiratory illness (ARI) in children. Population-based incidence rates and comprehensive clinical characterizations of disease have not been established.

METHODS - We conducted population-based prospective surveillance for 2 years in 2 US counties of HMPV infection among children <5 years old who were hospitalized with ARI or fever. Nasal and throat specimens obtained with swabs were tested for HMPV by real-time reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction and genotyped.

RESULTS - Forty-two (3.8%) of 1104 children tested positive for HMPV. The overall annual rate of HMPV-associated hospitalizations per 1000 children <5 years old was 1.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 0.9-1.6). This rate was highest among infants 0-5 months old (4.9 per 1000 [95% CI, 2.9-7.2]), followed by children 6-11 months old (2.9 per 1000 [95% CI, 1.4-4.7]). The annual rate of hospitalization for HMPV infection was less than that for respiratory syncytial virus infection but similar to that for influenza and parainfluenza virus 3 infection in all age groups. The mean age of children hospitalized with HMPV infection was 6 months. Bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and asthma were the most common diagnoses among children with HMPV infection. All 4 HMPV subgroups were detected during both years at both sites. HPMV infection was most prominent from March through May.

CONCLUSION - HMPV was detected in 3.8% of children hospitalized with ARI or fever, with a population incidence similar to that of influenza virus and parainfluenza virus 3.

MeSH Terms (18)

Child, Hospitalized Child, Preschool Female Genotype Humans Incidence Infant Infant, Newborn Male Metapneumovirus Nose Paramyxoviridae Infections Pharynx Prospective Studies Respiratory Tract Diseases Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Viral United States

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