In atrial fibrillation (AF), left atrial diameter (LAD) and low voltage area (LVA) are intermediate phenotypes that are associated with AF type and progression. In this study, we tested the hypothesis, that these phenotypes share common, genetically-determined pathways using pathway enrichment analysis of GWAS data. Samples from 660 patients with paroxysmal (n = 370) or persistent AF (n = 290) were genotyped for ~1,000,000 SNPs. SNPs found significantly associated with LAD, LVA or AF type were used for gene-based association tests in a systematic biological Knowledge-based mining system for Genome-wide Genetic studies (KGG). Associated genes were tested for pathway enrichment using two enrichment tools (WebGestalt and GATHER) and the databases provided by Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes. The calcium signaling pathway (hsa04020) was the only pathway that reached statistical significance for LAD and LVA in both enrichment tools and was also significantly associated with AF type. Within this pathway, there were 39 genes (i.e. CACNA1C, RyR2) that were associated with LAD, LVA and AF type. In conclusion, there is a genomic contribution to electroanatomical remodeling (LAD, LVA) and AF type via the calcium signaling pathway. Future and larger studies are necessary to replicate and apply these findings.