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BACKGROUND - Anthracyclines are important chemotherapeutic agents, but their use is limited by cardiotoxicity. Candidate gene and genome-wide studies have identified putative risk loci for overt cardiotoxicity and heart failure, but there has been no comprehensive assessment of genomic variation influencing the intermediate phenotype of anthracycline-related changes in left ventricular (LV) function. The purpose of this study was to identify genetic factors influencing changes in LV function after anthracycline chemotherapy.
METHODS - We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of change in LV function after anthracycline exposure in 385 patients identified from BioVU, a resource linking DNA samples to de-identified electronic medical record data. Variants with P values less than 1×10 were independently tested for replication in a cohort of 181 anthracycline-exposed patients from a prospective clinical trial. Pathway analysis was performed to assess combined effects of multiple genetic variants.
RESULTS - Both cohorts were middle-aged adults of predominantly European descent. Among 11 candidate loci identified in discovery GWAS, one single nucleotide polymorphism near PR domain containing 2, with ZNF domain (PRDM2), rs7542939, had a combined P value of 6.5×10 in meta-analysis. Eighteen Kyoto Encyclopedia of Gene and Genomes pathways showed strong enrichment for variants associated with the primary outcome. Identified pathways related to DNA repair, cellular metabolism, and cardiac remodeling.
CONCLUSION - Using genome-wide association we identified a novel candidate susceptibility locus near PRDM2. Variation in genes belonging to pathways related to DNA repair, metabolism, and cardiac remodeling may influence changes in LV function after anthracycline exposure.