Dan Roden
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/24/2020

A case study evaluating the portability of an executable computable phenotype algorithm across multiple institutions and electronic health record environments.

Pacheco JA, Rasmussen LV, Kiefer RC, Campion TR, Speltz P, Carroll RJ, Stallings SC, Mo H, Ahuja M, Jiang G, LaRose ER, Peissig PL, Shang N, Benoit B, Gainer VS, Borthwick K, Jackson KL, Sharma A, Wu AY, Kho AN, Roden DM, Pathak J, Denny JC, Thompson WK
J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2018 25 (11): 1540-1546

PMID: 30124903 · PMCID: PMC6213083 · DOI:10.1093/jamia/ocy101

Electronic health record (EHR) algorithms for defining patient cohorts are commonly shared as free-text descriptions that require human intervention both to interpret and implement. We developed the Phenotype Execution and Modeling Architecture (PhEMA, http://projectphema.org) to author and execute standardized computable phenotype algorithms. With PhEMA, we converted an algorithm for benign prostatic hyperplasia, developed for the electronic Medical Records and Genomics network (eMERGE), into a standards-based computable format. Eight sites (7 within eMERGE) received the computable algorithm, and 6 successfully executed it against local data warehouses and/or i2b2 instances. Blinded random chart review of cases selected by the computable algorithm shows PPV ≥90%, and 3 out of 5 sites had >90% overlap of selected cases when comparing the computable algorithm to their original eMERGE implementation. This case study demonstrates potential use of PhEMA computable representations to automate phenotyping across different EHR systems, but also highlights some ongoing challenges.

MeSH Terms (11)

Algorithms Databases, Factual Data Warehousing Electronic Health Records Genomics Genomics Humans Male Organizational Case Studies Phenotype Prostatic Hyperplasia

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