Dan Roden
Faculty Member
Last active: 3/24/2020

Blocking Scn10a channels in heart reduces late sodium current and is antiarrhythmic.

Yang T, Atack TC, Stroud DM, Zhang W, Hall L, Roden DM
Circ Res. 2012 111 (3): 322-32

PMID: 22723299 · PMCID: PMC3412150 · DOI:10.1161/CIRCRESAHA.112.265173

RATIONALE - Although the sodium channel locus SCN10A has been implicated by genome-wide association studies as a modulator of cardiac electrophysiology, the role of its gene product Nav1.8 as a modulator of cardiac ion currents is unknown.

OBJECTIVE - We determined the electrophysiological and pharmacological properties of Nav1.8 in heterologous cell systems and assessed the antiarrhythmic effect of Nav1.8 block on isolated mouse and rabbit ventricular cardiomyocytes.

METHODS AND RESULTS - We first demonstrated that Scn10a transcripts are identified in mouse heart and that the blocker A-803467 is highly specific for Nav1.8 current over that of Nav1.5, the canonical cardiac sodium channel encoded by SCN5A. We then showed that low concentrations of A-803467 selectively block "late" sodium current and shorten action potentials in mouse and rabbit cardiomyocytes. Exaggerated late sodium current is known to mediate arrhythmogenic early afterdepolarizations in heart, and these were similarly suppressed by low concentrations of A-803467.

CONCLUSIONS - Scn10a expression contributes to late sodium current in heart and represents a new target for antiarrhythmic intervention.

MeSH Terms (16)

Action Potentials Aniline Compounds Animals Anti-Arrhythmia Agents Arrhythmias, Cardiac Cell Line, Transformed Furans Humans Mice Mice, Knockout NAV1.5 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel NAV1.8 Voltage-Gated Sodium Channel Rabbits Rats Sodium Channel Blockers Sodium Channels

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