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Inference of cell cycle-dependent proteolysis by laser scanning cytometry.

Chakraborty AA, Tansey WP
Exp Cell Res. 2009 315 (10): 1772-8

PMID: 19331831 · PMCID: PMC2680938 · DOI:10.1016/j.yexcr.2009.01.011

Mechanisms that couple protein turnover to cell cycle progression are critical for coordinating the events of cell duplication and division. Despite the importance of cell cycle-regulated proteolysis, however, technologies to measure this phenomenon are limited, and typically involve monitoring cells that are released back into the cell cycle after synchronization. We describe here the use of laser scanning cytometry (LSC), a technical merger between fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry, to determine cell cycle-dependent changes in protein stability in unperturbed, asynchronous, cultures of mammalian cells. In this method, the ability of the LSC to accurately measure whole cell fluorescence is employed, together with RNA fluorescence in situ hybridization and immunofluorescence, to relate abundance of a particular RNA and protein in a cell to its point at the cell cycle. Parallel monitoring of RNA and protein levels is used, together with protein synthesis inhibitors, to reveal cell cycle-specific changes in protein turnover. We demonstrate the viability of this method by analyzing the proteolysis of two prominent human oncoproteins, Myc and Cyclin E, and argue that this LSC-based approach offers several practical advantages over traditional cell synchronization methods.

MeSH Terms (14)

Cell Cycle Cell Cycle Proteins Cell Line, Tumor Cyclin E F-Box-WD Repeat-Containing Protein 7 F-Box Proteins Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic Humans Laser Scanning Cytometry Phosphorylation Protein Processing, Post-Translational Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-myc RNA, Messenger Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases

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