Negative regulation of Wee1 expression and Cdc2 phosphorylation during p53-mediated growth arrest and apoptosis.

Leach SD, Scatena CD, Keefer CJ, Goodman HA, Song SY, Yang L, Pietenpol JA
Cancer Res. 1998 58 (15): 3231-6

PMID: 9699647

The G2 cell cycle checkpoint protects cells from potentially lethal mitotic entry after DNA damage. This checkpoint involves inhibitory phosphorylation of Cdc2 at the tyrosine-15 (Y15) position, mediated in part by the Wee1 protein kinase. Recent evidence suggests that p53 may accelerate mitotic entry after DNA damage and that the override of the G2 checkpoint may play a role in the induction of apoptosis by p53. To determine the biochemical mechanism by which p53 inactivates the G2 checkpoint, the effects of p53 activation on Wee1 expression, Cdc2-Y15 phosphorylation, and cyclin B1-associated Cdc2 kinase activity were examined. Under conditions of either growth arrest or apoptosis, p53 activation resulted in the down-regulation of Wee1 expression and dephosphorylation of Cdc2. A parallel increase in cyclin B1/Cdc2 kinase activity was observed during p53-mediated apoptosis. Negative regulation of the Wee1 expression and Cdc2 phosphorylation by p53 was also evident in thymus tissue from p53+/+ mice but not from p53-/- mice. Inactivation of the G2 checkpoint may contribute to the tumor suppressor activity of p53.

MeSH Terms (25)

Animals Antineoplastic Agents Apoptosis Blotting, Western CDC2 Protein Kinase Cell Cycle Proteins Cell Division Cyclin B Cyclin B1 Down-Regulation Embryo, Mammalian Enzyme Activation Fibroblasts G2 Phase Lymphoma, T-Cell Mice Nocodazole Nuclear Proteins Phosphorylation Protein-Tyrosine Kinases Protein Conformation Rats Transformation, Genetic Tumor Cells, Cultured Tumor Suppressor Protein p53

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