Human Goodpasture antigen-binding protein (GPBP) is an atypical protein kinase that phosphorylates the Goodpasture auto-antigen, the alpha3 chain of collagen IV. The COL4A3BP gene is alternatively spliced producing two protein isoforms: GPBP and GPBPDelta26. The latter lacks a serine-rich domain composed of 26 amino acid residues. Both isoforms also function as ceramide transfer proteins (CERT). Here, we explored the function of Gpbp and GpbpDelta26/CERT during embryogenesis in zebrafish. We cloned both splice variants of the zebrafish gene and found that they are differentially expressed during development. We used antisense oligonucleotide-mediated loss-of-function and synthetic mRNA-based gain-of-function approaches. Our results show that the loss-of-function phenotype is linked to cell death, evident primarily in the muscle of the somites, extensive loss of myelinated tracks, and brain edema. These results indicate that disruption of the nonvesicular ceramide transport is detrimental to normal embryonic development of somites and brain because of increased apoptosis. Moreover, this phenotype is mediated by Gpbp but not GpbpDelta26/CERT, suggesting that Gpbp is an important factor for normal skeletal muscle and brain development.