The C-terminal region of A-kinase anchor protein 350 (AKAP350A) enables formation of microtubule-nucleation centers and interacts with pericentriolar proteins.

Kolobova E, Roland JT, Lapierre LA, Williams JA, Mason TA, Goldenring JR
J Biol Chem. 2017 292 (50): 20394-20409

PMID: 29054927 · PMCID: PMC5733579 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M117.806018

Microtubules in animal cells assemble (nucleate) from both the centrosome and the cis-Golgi cisternae. A-kinase anchor protein 350 kDa (AKAP350A, also called AKAP450/CG-NAP/AKAP9) is a large scaffolding protein located at both the centrosome and Golgi apparatus. Previous findings have suggested that AKAP350 is important for microtubule dynamics at both locations, but how this scaffolding protein assembles microtubule nucleation machinery is unclear. Here, we found that overexpression of the C-terminal third of AKAP350A, enhanced GFP-AKAP350A(2691-3907), induces the formation of multiple microtubule-nucleation centers (MTNCs). Nevertheless, these induced MTNCs lacked "true" centriole proteins, such as Cep135. Mapping analysis with AKAP350A truncations demonstrated that AKAP350A contains discrete regions responsible for promoting or inhibiting the formation of multiple MTNCs. Moreover, GFP-AKAP350A(2691-3907) recruited several pericentriolar proteins to MTNCs, including γ-tubulin, pericentrin, Cep68, Cep170, and Cdk5RAP2. Proteomic analysis indicated that Cdk5RAP2 and Cep170 both interact with the microtubule nucleation-promoting region of AKAP350A, whereas Cep68 interacts with the distal C-terminal AKAP350A region. Yeast two-hybrid assays established a direct interaction of Cep170 with AKAP350A. Super-resolution and deconvolution microscopy analyses were performed to define the association of AKAP350A with centrosomes, and these studies disclosed that AKAP350A spans the bridge between centrioles, co-localizing with rootletin and Cep68 in the linker region. siRNA-mediated depletion of AKAP350A caused displacement of both Cep68 and Cep170 from the centrosome. These results suggest that AKAP350A acts as a scaffold for factors involved in microtubule nucleation at the centrosome and coordinates the assembly of protein complexes associating with the intercentriolar bridge.

MeSH Terms (24)

A Kinase Anchor Proteins Biomarkers Cell Line Centrosome Cytoskeletal Proteins Humans Imaging, Three-Dimensional Intracellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Luminescent Proteins Microscopy, Electron, Transmission Microtubule-Associated Proteins Microtubule-Organizing Center Models, Molecular Nerve Tissue Proteins Peptide Fragments Phosphoproteins Protein Interaction Domains and Motifs Protein Interaction Mapping Protein Multimerization Proteomics Recombinant Fusion Proteins Recombinant Proteins RNA Interference Two-Hybrid System Techniques

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