A signalling cascade of IL-33 to IL-13 regulates metaplasia in the mouse stomach.

Petersen CP, Meyer AR, De Salvo C, Choi E, Schlegel C, Petersen A, Engevik AC, Prasad N, Levy SE, Peebles RS, Pizarro TT, Goldenring JR
Gut. 2018 67 (5): 805-817

PMID: 28196875 · PMCID: PMC5681443 · DOI:10.1136/gutjnl-2016-312779

OBJECTIVE - Alternatively activated macrophages (M2) are associated with the progression of spasmolytic polypeptide-expressing metaplasia (SPEM) in the stomach. However, the precise mechanism(s) and critical mediators that induce SPEM are unknown.

DESIGN - To determine candidate genes important in these processes, macrophages from the stomach corpus of mice with SPEM (DMP-777-treated) or advanced SPEM (L635-treated) were isolated and RNA sequenced. Effects on metaplasia development after acute parietal cell loss induced by L635 were evaluated in interleukin (IL)-33, IL-33 receptor (ST2) and IL-13 knockout (KO) mice.

RESULTS - Profiling of metaplasia-associated macrophages in the stomach identified an M2a-polarised macrophage population. Expression of IL-33 was significantly upregulated in macrophages associated with advanced SPEM. L635 induced metaplasia in the stomachs of wild-type mice, but not in the stomachs of IL-33 and ST2 KO mice. While IL-5 and IL-9 were not required for metaplasia induction, IL-13 KO mice did not develop metaplasia in response to L635. Administration of IL-13 to ST2 KO mice re-established the induction of metaplasia following acute parietal cell loss.

CONCLUSIONS - Metaplasia induction and macrophage polarisation after parietal cell loss is coordinated through a cytokine signalling network of IL-33 and IL-13, linking a combined response to injury by both intrinsic mucosal mechanisms and infiltrating M2 macrophages.

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MeSH Terms (19)

Animals Flow Cytometry Gastric Mucosa Immunohistochemistry Intercellular Signaling Peptides and Proteins Interleukin-1 Receptor-Like 1 Protein Interleukin-13 Interleukin-33 Macrophages Metaplasia Mice Mice, Inbred C57BL Mice, Knockout Parietal Cells, Gastric Peptides Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Receptors, Interleukin Signal Transduction Stomach

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