Pampee Young
Associate Professor of Pathology
Last active: 10/24/2017

sFRP2 suppression of bone morphogenic protein (BMP) and Wnt signaling mediates mesenchymal stem cell (MSC) self-renewal promoting engraftment and myocardial repair.

Alfaro MP, Vincent A, Saraswati S, Thorne CA, Hong CC, Lee E, Young PP
J Biol Chem. 2010 285 (46): 35645-53

PMID: 20826809 · PMCID: PMC2975189 · DOI:10.1074/jbc.M110.135335

Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) is a promising therapy for ischemic injury; however, inadequate survival of implanted cells in host tissue is a substantial impediment in the progress of cellular therapy. Secreted Frizzled-related protein 2 (sFRP2) has recently been highlighted as a key mediator of MSC-driven myocardial and wound repair. Notably, sFRP2 mediates significant enhancement of MSC engraftment in vivo. We hypothesized that sFRP2 improves MSC engraftment by modulating self-renewal through increasing stem cell survival and by inhibiting differentiation. In previous studies we demonstrated that sFRP2-expressing MSCs exhibited an increased proliferation rate. In the current study, we show that sFRP2 also decreased MSC apoptosis and inhibited both osteogenic and chondrogenic lineage commitment. sFRP2 activity occurred through the inhibition of both Wnt and bone morphogenic protein (BMP) signaling pathways. sFRP2-mediated inhibition of BMP signaling, as assessed by levels of pSMAD 1/5/8, was independent of its effects on the Wnt pathway. We further hypothesized that sFRP2 inhibition of MSC lineage commitment may reduce heterotopic osteogenic differentiation within the injured myocardium, a reported adverse side effect. Indeed, we found that sFRP2-MSC-treated hearts and wound tissue had less ectopic calcification. This work provides important new insight into the mechanisms by which sFRP2 increases MSC self-renewal leading to superior tissue engraftment and enhanced wound healing.

MeSH Terms (24)

Animals Apoptosis Bone Morphogenetic Proteins Calcinosis Cell Differentiation Cell Proliferation Cells, Cultured Flow Cytometry Fluorescent Antibody Technique Glucuronidase Green Fluorescent Proteins Immunoblotting Membrane Proteins Mesenchymal Stem Cells Mesenchymal Stem Cell Transplantation Mice Mice, Inbred NOD Mice, Knockout Mice, SCID Myocardial Infarction Recombinant Fusion Proteins Signal Transduction Transfection Wnt Proteins

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