The transcriptional corepressor MTGR1 regulates intestinal secretory lineage allocation.

Parang B, Rosenblatt D, Williams AD, Washington MK, Revetta F, Short SP, Reddy VK, Hunt A, Shroyer NF, Engel ME, Hiebert SW, Williams CS
FASEB J. 2015 29 (3): 786-95

PMID: 25398765 · PMCID: PMC4763883 · DOI:10.1096/fj.14-254284

Notch signaling largely determines intestinal epithelial cell fate. High Notch activity drives progenitors toward absorptive enterocytes by repressing secretory differentiation programs, whereas low Notch permits secretory cell assignment. Myeloid translocation gene-related 1 (MTGR1) is a transcriptional corepressor in the myeloid translocation gene/Eight-Twenty-One family. Given that Mtgr1(-/-) mice have a dramatic reduction of intestinal epithelial secretory cells, we hypothesized that MTGR1 is a key repressor of Notch signaling. In support of this, transcriptome analysis of laser capture microdissected Mtgr1(-/-) intestinal crypts revealed Notch activation, and secretory markers Mucin2, Chromogranin A, and Growth factor-independent 1 (Gfi1) were down-regulated in Mtgr1(-/-) whole intestines and Mtgr1(-/-) enteroids. We demonstrate that MTGR1 is in a complex with Suppressor of Hairless Homolog, a key Notch effector, and represses Notch-induced Hairy/Enhancer of Split 1 activity. Moreover, pharmacologic Notch inhibition using a γ-secretase inhibitor (GSI) rescued the hyperproliferative baseline phenotype in the Mtgr1(-/-) intestine and increased production of goblet and enteroendocrine lineages in Mtgr1(-/-) mice. GSI increased Paneth cell production in wild-type mice but failed to do so in Mtgr1(-/-) mice. We determined that MTGR1 can interact with GFI1, a transcriptional corepressor required for Paneth cell differentiation, and repress GFI1 targets. Overall, the data suggest that MTGR1, a transcriptional corepressor well characterized in hematopoiesis, plays a critical role in intestinal lineage allocation.

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MeSH Terms (23)

Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases Animals Apoptosis Blotting, Western Cell Differentiation Cell Lineage Cell Proliferation Cells, Cultured Epithelial Cells Flow Cytometry Immunoenzyme Techniques Immunoprecipitation Intestinal Mucosa Intestines Mice Mice, Knockout Paneth Cells Protease Inhibitors Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Receptors, Notch Repressor Proteins Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction RNA, Messenger

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