Timothy Girard
Last active: 9/23/2015

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Publications

The following timeline graph is generated from all co-authored publications.

Featured publications are shown below:

  1. Protocols and Hospital Mortality in Critically Ill Patients: The United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study. Sevransky JE, Checkley W, Herrera P, Pickering BW, Barr J, Brown SM, Chang SY, Chong D, Kaufman D, Fremont RD, Girard TD, Hoag J, Johnson SB, Kerlin MP, Liebler J, O'Brien J, O'Keefe T, Park PK, Pastores SM, Patil N, Pietropaoli AP, Putman M, Rice TW, Rotello L, Siner J, Sajid S, Murphy DJ, Martin GS, United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group-Critical Illness Outcomes Study Investigators (2015) Crit Care Med 43(10): 2076-84
    › Primary publication · 26110488 (PubMed) · PMC5673100 (PubMed Central)
  2. The impact of lymphopenia on delirium in ICU patients. Inoue S, Vasilevskis EE, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Graves AJ, Thompson J, Shintani A, Ely EW (2015) PLoS One 10(5): e0126216
    › Primary publication · 25992641 (PubMed) · PMC4439144 (PubMed Central)
  3. Cognitive screening among acute respiratory failure survivors: a cross-sectional evaluation of the Mini-Mental State Examination. Pfoh ER, Chan KS, Dinglas VD, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Morris PE, Hough CL, Mendez-Tellez PA, Ely EW, Huang M, Needham DM, Hopkins RO, NIH NHLBI ARDS Network (2015) Crit Care : 220
    › Primary publication · 25939482 (PubMed) · PMC4480909 (PubMed Central)
  4. Pharmacist leadership in ICU quality improvement: coordinating spontaneous awakening and breathing trials. Stollings JL, Foss JJ, Ely EW, Ambrose AM, Rice TW, Girard TD, Wheeler AP (2015) Ann Pharmacother 49(8): 883-91
    › Primary publication · 25907528 (PubMed)
  5. Functional brain imaging in survivors of critical illness: A prospective feasibility study and exploration of the association between delirium and brain activation patterns. Jackson JC, Morandi A, Girard TD, Merkle K, Graves AJ, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Gunther ML, Cannistraci CJ, Rogers BP, Gore JC, Warrington HJ, Ely EW, Hopkins RO, VISualizing Icu SurvivOrs Neuroradiological Sequelae (VISIONS) Investigation (2015) J Crit Care 30(3): 653.e1-7
    › Primary publication · 25769901 (PubMed) · PMC4489139 (PubMed Central)
  6. Association between statin use at admission to inpatient rehabilitation and functional status at discharge among older patients. Morandi A, Girard TD, Shintani A, Turco R, Guerini F, Torpilliesi T, Gentile S, Trabucchi M, Bellelli G (2014) Rejuvenation Res 17(6): 490-5
    › Primary publication · 25268518 (PubMed) · PMC4270144 (PubMed Central)
  7. Burst suppression on processed electroencephalography as a predictor of postcoma delirium in mechanically ventilated ICU patients. Andresen JM, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Davidson MA, Ely EW, Watson PL (2014) Crit Care Med 42(10): 2244-51
    › Primary publication · 25072756 (PubMed) · PMC4493889 (PubMed Central)
  8. Only a small subset of sedation-related delirium is innocuous: we cannot let our guard down. Pandharipande PP, Hughes CG, Girard TD (2014) Am J Respir Crit Care Med 189(11): 1443-4
    › Primary publication · 24881944 (PubMed)
  9. Sedative choice: a critical decision. Ferrell BA, Girard TD (2014) Am J Respir Crit Care Med 189(11): 1295-7
    › Primary publication · 24881933 (PubMed)
  10. Depression, post-traumatic stress disorder, and functional disability in survivors of critical illness in the BRAIN-ICU study: a longitudinal cohort study. Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Brummel NE, Thompson JL, Hughes CG, Pun BT, Vasilevskis EE, Morandi A, Shintani AK, Hopkins RO, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW, Bringing to light the Risk Factors And Incidence of Neuropsychological dysfunction in ICU survivors (BRAIN-ICU) study investigators (2014) Lancet Respir Med 2(5): 369-79
    › Primary publication · 24815803 (PubMed) · PMC4107313 (PubMed Central)
  11. Statins and delirium during critical illness: a multicenter, prospective cohort study. Morandi A, Hughes CG, Thompson JL, Pandharipande PP, Shintani AK, Vasilevskis EE, Han JH, Jackson JC, Laskowitz DT, Bernard GR, Ely EW, Girard TD (2014) Crit Care Med 42(8): 1899-909
    › Primary publication · 24810528 (PubMed) · PMC4103957 (PubMed Central)
  12. Long-term cognitive impairment after critical illness. Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Ely EW (2014) N Engl J Med 370(2): 185-6
    › Primary publication · 24401069 (PubMed)
  13. Feasibility and safety of early combined cognitive and physical therapy for critically ill medical and surgical patients: the Activity and Cognitive Therapy in ICU (ACT-ICU) trial. Brummel NE, Girard TD, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP, Morandi A, Hughes CG, Graves AJ, Shintani A, Murphy E, Work B, Pun BT, Boehm L, Gill TM, Dittus RS, Jackson JC (2014) Intensive Care Med 40(3): 370-9
    › Primary publication · 24257969 (PubMed) · PMC3943568 (PubMed Central)
  14. Delirium in the ICU and subsequent long-term disability among survivors of mechanical ventilation. Brummel NE, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Dittus RS, Gill TM, Bernard GR, Ely EW, Girard TD (2014) Crit Care Med 42(2): 369-77
    › Primary publication · 24158172 (PubMed) · PMC3947028 (PubMed Central)
  15. Structure, process, and annual ICU mortality across 69 centers: United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study. Checkley W, Martin GS, Brown SM, Chang SY, Dabbagh O, Fremont RD, Girard TD, Rice TW, Howell MD, Johnson SB, O'Brien J, Park PK, Pastores SM, Patil NT, Pietropaoli AP, Putman M, Rotello L, Siner J, Sajid S, Murphy DJ, Sevransky JE, United States Critical Illness and Injury Trials Group Critical Illness Outcomes Study Investigators (2014) Crit Care Med 42(2): 344-56
    › Primary publication · 24145833 (PubMed) · PMC4035482 (PubMed Central)
  16. Long-term cognitive impairment after critical illness. Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Morandi A, Thompson JL, Pun BT, Brummel NE, Hughes CG, Vasilevskis EE, Shintani AK, Moons KG, Geevarghese SK, Canonico A, Hopkins RO, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW, BRAIN-ICU Study Investigators (2013) N Engl J Med 369(14): 1306-16
    › Primary publication · 24088092 (PubMed) · PMC3922401 (PubMed Central)
  17. Daily sedation interruption versus targeted light sedation strategies in ICU patients. Hughes CG, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP (2013) Crit Care Med 41(9 Suppl 1): S39-45
    › Primary publication · 23989094 (PubMed)
  18. Inappropriate medication prescriptions in elderly adults surviving an intensive care unit hospitalization. Morandi A, Vasilevskis E, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Solberg LM, Neal EB, Koestner T, Torres RE, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Han JH, Schnelle JF, Fick DM, Ely EW, Kripalani S (2013) J Am Geriatr Soc 61(7): 1128-34
    › Primary publication · 23855843 (PubMed) · PMC3713508 (PubMed Central)
  19. The future of intensive care medicine. Blanch L, Annane D, Antonelli M, Chiche JD, Cuñat J, Girard TD, Jiménez EJ, Quintel M, Ugarte S, Mancebo J (2013) Med Intensiva 37(2): 91-8
    › Primary publication · 23398846 (PubMed)
  20. Association between endothelial dysfunction and acute brain dysfunction during critical illness. Hughes CG, Morandi A, Girard TD, Riedel B, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Pun BT, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP (2013) Anesthesiology 118(3): 631-9
    › Primary publication · 23263016 (PubMed) · PMC3580006 (PubMed Central)
  21. Preventing delirium in the intensive care unit. Brummel NE, Girard TD (2013) Crit Care Clin 29(1): 51-65
    › Primary publication · 23182527 (PubMed) · PMC3508697 (PubMed Central)
  22. Future directions of delirium research and management. Hughes CG, Brummel NE, Vasilevskis EE, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP (2012) Best Pract Res Clin Anaesthesiol 26(3): 395-405
    › Primary publication · 23040289 (PubMed) · PMC3638881 (PubMed Central)
  23. Associations of markers of inflammation and coagulation with delirium during critical illness. Girard TD, Ware LB, Bernard GR, Pandharipande PP, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Jackson JC, Dittus RS, Ely EW (2012) Intensive Care Med 38(12): 1965-73
    › Primary publication · 22903241 (PubMed) · PMC3606929 (PubMed Central)
  24. Vitamin D and delirium in critically ill patients: a preliminary investigation. Morandi A, Barnett N, Miller RR, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Ely EW, Ware LB (2013) J Crit Care 28(3): 230-5
    › Primary publication · 22884531 (PubMed) · PMC3498519 (PubMed Central)
  25. Medical and economic implications of cognitive and psychiatric disability of survivorship. Hopkins RO, Girard TD (2012) Semin Respir Crit Care Med 33(4): 348-56
    › Primary publication · 22875380 (PubMed)
  26. Point: should benzodiazepines be avoided in mechanically ventilated patients? Yes. Ely EW, Dittus RS, Girard TD (2012) Chest 142(2): 281-284
    › Primary publication · 22871750 (PubMed)
  27. Diurnal sedative changes during intensive care: impact on liberation from mechanical ventilation and delirium. Seymour CW, Pandharipande PP, Koestner T, Hudson LD, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Ely EW, Girard TD (2012) Crit Care Med 40(10): 2788-96
    › Primary publication · 22824928 (PubMed) · PMC3576216 (PubMed Central)
  28. The association between brain volumes, delirium duration, and cognitive outcomes in intensive care unit survivors: the VISIONS cohort magnetic resonance imaging study*. Gunther ML, Morandi A, Krauskopf E, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Thompson J, Shintani AK, Geevarghese S, Miller RR, Canonico A, Merkle K, Cannistraci CJ, Rogers BP, Gatenby JC, Heckers S, Gore JC, Hopkins RO, Ely EW, VISIONS Investigation, VISualizing Icu SurvivOrs Neuroradiological Sequelae (2012) Crit Care Med 40(7): 2022-32
    › Primary publication · 22710202 (PubMed) · PMC3697780 (PubMed Central)
  29. Brain dysfunction in patients with chronic critical illness. Girard TD (2012) Respir Care 57(6): 947-55; discussion 955-7
    › Primary publication · 22663969 (PubMed)
  30. The relationship between delirium duration, white matter integrity, and cognitive impairment in intensive care unit survivors as determined by diffusion tensor imaging: the VISIONS prospective cohort magnetic resonance imaging study*. Morandi A, Rogers BP, Gunther ML, Merkle K, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Thompson J, Shintani AK, Geevarghese S, Miller RR, Canonico A, Cannistraci CJ, Gore JC, Ely EW, Hopkins RO, VISIONS Investigation, VISualizing Icu SurvivOrs Neuroradiological Sequelae (2012) Crit Care Med 40(7): 2182-9
    › Primary publication · 22584766 (PubMed) · PMC3378755 (PubMed Central)
  31. A combined early cognitive and physical rehabilitation program for people who are critically ill: the activity and cognitive therapy in the intensive care unit (ACT-ICU) trial. Brummel NE, Jackson JC, Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Schiro E, Work B, Pun BT, Boehm L, Gill TM, Ely EW (2012) Phys Ther 92(12): 1580-92
    › Primary publication · 22577067 (PubMed) · PMC3513484 (PubMed Central)
  32. Markers of inflammation and coagulation may be modulated by enteral feeding strategy. Bastarache JA, Ware LB, Girard TD, Wheeler AP, Rice TW (2012) JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr 36(6): 732-40
    › Primary publication · 22318965 (PubMed) · PMC3726194 (PubMed Central)
  33. Acute lung injury: surprisingly common in the neurologic intensive care unit. Ware LB, Girard TD (2012) Crit Care Med 40(2): 694-5
    › Primary publication · 22249059 (PubMed)
  34. The bedside diagnosis of ICU delirium: specificity is high, let's optimize sensitivity. Vasilevskis EE, Girard TD, Ely EW (2012) Am J Respir Crit Care Med 185(1): 107-8; author reply 108
    › Primary publication · 22210792 (PubMed)
  35. Delirium and sedation recognition using validated instruments: reliability of bedside intensive care unit nursing assessments from 2007 to 2010. Vasilevskis EE, Morandi A, Boehm L, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Jackson JC, Thompson JL, Shintani A, Gordon SM, Pun BT, Ely EW (2011) J Am Geriatr Soc : S249-55
    › Primary publication · 22091569 (PubMed) · PMC3233973 (PubMed Central)
  36. The association of the kynurenine pathway of tryptophan metabolism with acute brain dysfunction during critical illness*. Adams Wilson JR, Morandi A, Girard TD, Thompson JL, Boomershine CS, Shintani AK, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP (2012) Crit Care Med 40(3): 835-41
    › Primary publication · 22080637 (PubMed) · PMC3625666 (PubMed Central)
  37. Sedation and weaning from mechanical ventilation: linking spontaneous awakening trials and spontaneous breathing trials to improve patient outcomes. Hooper MH, Girard TD (2011) Anesthesiol Clin 29(4): 651-61
    › Primary publication · 22078914 (PubMed)
  38. Statins and brain dysfunction: a hypothesis to reduce the burden of cognitive impairment in patients who are critically ill. Morandi A, Hughes CG, Girard TD, McAuley DF, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP (2011) Chest 140(3): 580-585
    › Primary publication · 21896517 (PubMed) · PMC3168859 (PubMed Central)
  39. Are we sedating more than just the brain? Brummel NE, Girard TD (2011) Crit Care 15(3): 163
    › Primary publication · 21672277 (PubMed) · PMC3218986 (PubMed Central)
  40. Inappropriate medications in elderly ICU survivors: where to intervene? Morandi A, Vasilevskis EE, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Solberg LM, Neal EB, Koestner T, Torres R, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Han JH, Schnelle J, Fick DM, Ely EW, Kripalani S (2011) Arch Intern Med 171(11): 1032-4
    › Primary publication · 21670372 (PubMed) · PMC3575737 (PubMed Central)
  41. The complex interplay between delirium, sedation, and early mobility during critical illness: applications in the trauma unit. Banerjee A, Girard TD, Pandharipande P (2011) Curr Opin Anaesthesiol 24(2): 195-201
    › Primary publication · 21386669 (PubMed) · PMC3606927 (PubMed Central)
  42. Procalcitonin and C-reactive protein levels at admission as predictors of duration of acute brain dysfunction in critically ill patients. McGrane S, Girard TD, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Woodworth A, Ely EW, Pandharipande PP (2011) Crit Care 15(2): R78
    › Primary publication · 21366899 (PubMed) · PMC3219330 (PubMed Central)
  43. Insulin-like growth factor-1 and delirium in critically ill mechanically ventilated patients: a preliminary investigation. Morandi A, Gunther ML, Pandharipande PP, Jackson JC, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Ely EW, Girard TD (2011) Int Psychogeriatr 23(7): 1175-81
    › Primary publication · 21294938 (PubMed) · PMC3654518 (PubMed Central)
  44. A screening, prevention, and restoration model for saving the injured brain in intensive care unit survivors. Vasilevskis EE, Pandharipande PP, Girard TD, Ely EW (2010) Crit Care Med 38(10 Suppl): S683-91
    › Primary publication · 21164415 (PubMed) · PMC3679543 (PubMed Central)
  45. Delirium and mortality risk prediction: a story in evolution. Vasilevskis EE, Han JH, Shintani A, Girard TD, Ely EW (2010) Crit Care 14(5): 449; author reply 449
    › Primary publication · 21062516 (PubMed) · PMC3219280 (PubMed Central)
  46. Neuroimaging in delirious intensive care unit patients: a preliminary case series report. Morandi A, Gunther ML, Vasilevskis EE, Girard TD, Hopkins RO, Jackson JC, Pandharipande P, Ely EW (2010) Psychiatry (Edgmont) 7(9): 28-33
    › Primary publication · 20941349 (PubMed) · PMC2952644 (PubMed Central)
  47. Communication in critical care: family rounds in the intensive care unit. Jacobowski NL, Girard TD, Mulder JA, Ely EW (2010) Am J Crit Care 19(5): 421-30
    › Primary publication · 20810417 (PubMed) · PMC3707491 (PubMed Central)
  48. Delirium as a predictor of long-term cognitive impairment in survivors of critical illness. Girard TD, Jackson JC, Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Gordon SM, Canonico AE, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2010) Crit Care Med 38(7): 1513-20
    › Primary publication · 20473145 (PubMed) · PMC3638813 (PubMed Central)
  49. Immortal time bias in critical care. Shintani AK, Girard TD, Ely EW (2010) Crit Care Med 38(4): 1229
    › Primary publication · 20335718 (PubMed)
  50. Long-term cognitive and psychological outcomes in the awakening and breathing controlled trial. Jackson JC, Girard TD, Gordon SM, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Thomason JW, Pun BT, Canonico AE, Dunn JG, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW (2010) Am J Respir Crit Care Med 182(2): 183-91
    › Primary publication · 20299535 (PubMed) · PMC2913233 (PubMed Central)
  51. Effect of dexmedetomidine versus lorazepam on outcome in patients with sepsis: an a priori-designed analysis of the MENDS randomized controlled trial. Pandharipande PP, Sanders RD, Girard TD, McGrane S, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Herr DL, Maze M, Ely EW, MENDS investigators (2010) Crit Care 14(2): R38
    › Primary publication · 20233428 (PubMed) · PMC2887145 (PubMed Central)
  52. Feasibility, efficacy, and safety of antipsychotics for intensive care unit delirium: the MIND randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Carson SS, Schmidt GA, Wright PE, Canonico AE, Pun BT, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Meltzer HY, Bernard GR, Dittus RS, Ely EW, MIND Trial Investigators (2010) Crit Care Med 38(2): 428-37
    › Primary publication · 20095068 (PubMed) · PMC3645269 (PubMed Central)
  53. Immortal time bias in critical care research: application of time-varying Cox regression for observational cohort studies. Shintani AK, Girard TD, Eden SK, Arbogast PG, Moons KG, Ely EW (2009) Crit Care Med 37(11): 2939-45
    › Primary publication · 19770737 (PubMed) · PMC3365557 (PubMed Central)
  54. Living on the lighter side of sedation in the intensive care unit: is there a psychological cost? Girard TD (2009) Crit Care Med 37(9): 2654-5
    › Primary publication · 19687637 (PubMed)
  55. Plasma tryptophan and tyrosine levels are independent risk factors for delirium in critically ill patients. Pandharipande PP, Morandi A, Adams JR, Girard TD, Thompson JL, Shintani AK, Ely EW (2009) Intensive Care Med 35(11): 1886-92
    › Primary publication · 19588122 (PubMed) · PMC3673700 (PubMed Central)
  56. Sedation and weaning from mechanical ventilation: linking spontaneous awakening trials and spontaneous breathing trials to improve patient outcomes. Hooper MH, Girard TD (2009) Crit Care Clin 25(3): 515-25, viii
    › Primary publication · 19576527 (PubMed)
  57. Delirium and sedation in the intensive care unit: survey of behaviors and attitudes of 1384 healthcare professionals. Patel RP, Gambrell M, Speroff T, Scott TA, Pun BT, Okahashi J, Strength C, Pandharipande P, Girard TD, Burgess H, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2009) Crit Care Med 37(3): 825-32
    › Primary publication · 19237884 (PubMed) · PMC3719180 (PubMed Central)
  58. Delirium in the critically ill patient. Girard TD, Ely EW (2008) Handb Clin Neurol : 39-56
    › Primary publication · 18631816 (PubMed)
  59. Re: Increased levels of serum S100B protein in critically ill patients without brain injury. Cotton BA, Girard TD, Ely EW (2008) Shock 30(2): 222; author reply 222-3
    › Primary publication · 18628691 (PubMed)
  60. Delirium in the intensive care unit. Girard TD, Pandharipande PP, Ely EW (2008) Crit Care : S3
    › Primary publication · 18495054 (PubMed) · PMC2391269 (PubMed Central)
  61. Protocol-driven ventilator weaning: reviewing the evidence. Girard TD, Ely EW (2008) Clin Chest Med 29(2): 241-52, v
    › Primary publication · 18440434 (PubMed)
  62. Efficacy and safety of a paired sedation and ventilator weaning protocol for mechanically ventilated patients in intensive care (Awakening and Breathing Controlled trial): a randomised controlled trial. Girard TD, Kress JP, Fuchs BD, Thomason JW, Schweickert WD, Pun BT, Taichman DB, Dunn JG, Pohlman AS, Kinniry PA, Jackson JC, Canonico AE, Light RW, Shintani AK, Thompson JL, Gordon SM, Hall JB, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2008) Lancet 371(9607): 126-34
    › Primary publication · 18191684 (PubMed)
  63. Biomarkers of cardiac injury in acute respiratory distress syndrome: getting to the heart of the matter. Girard TD, Ware LB (2007) Crit Care Med 35(11): 2638-9
    › Primary publication · 18075368 (PubMed)
  64. Effect of sedation with dexmedetomidine vs lorazepam on acute brain dysfunction in mechanically ventilated patients: the MENDS randomized controlled trial. Pandharipande PP, Pun BT, Herr DL, Maze M, Girard TD, Miller RR, Shintani AK, Thompson JL, Jackson JC, Deppen SA, Stiles RA, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2007) JAMA 298(22): 2644-53
    › Primary publication · 18073360 (PubMed)
  65. Clinical sedation scores as indicators of sedative and analgesic drug exposure in intensive care unit patients. Masica AL, Girard TD, Wilkinson GR, Thomason JW, Truman Pun B, Nair UB, Light RW, Canonico AE, Dunn J, Pandharipande P, Shintani AK, Ely EW (2007) Am J Geriatr Pharmacother 5(3): 218-31
    › Primary publication · 17996661 (PubMed)
  66. Bacteremia and sepsis in older adults. Girard TD, Ely EW (2007) Clin Geriatr Med 23(3): 633-47, viii
    › Primary publication · 17631238 (PubMed)
  67. Comment on "Incidence, risk factors and consequences of ICU delirium" by Ouimet et al. Girard TD, Shintani AK, Ely EW (2007) Intensive Care Med 33(8): 1479-80; author reply 1481-2
    › Primary publication · 17549453 (PubMed)
  68. Mechanical ventilation in ARDS: a state-of-the-art review. Girard TD, Bernard GR (2007) Chest 131(3): 921-929
    › Primary publication · 17356115 (PubMed)
  69. Risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder symptoms following critical illness requiring mechanical ventilation: a prospective cohort study. Girard TD, Shintani AK, Jackson JC, Gordon SM, Pun BT, Henderson MS, Dittus RS, Bernard GR, Ely EW (2007) Crit Care 11(1): R28
    › Primary publication · 17316452 (PubMed) · PMC2151865 (PubMed Central)
  70. Post-traumatic stress disorder and post-traumatic stress symptoms following critical illness in medical intensive care unit patients: assessing the magnitude of the problem. Jackson JC, Hart RP, Gordon SM, Hopkins RO, Girard TD, Ely EW (2007) Crit Care 11(1): R27
    › Primary publication · 17316451 (PubMed) · PMC2151890 (PubMed Central)
  71. Increased levels of serum S100B protein in critically ill patients without brain injury: Shock 26(1):20-24, 2006. Cotton BA, Girard TD, Ely EW (2007) Shock 27(3): 338; author reply 339
    › Primary publication · 17304117 (PubMed)
  72. Apolipoprotein E4 polymorphism as a genetic predisposition to delirium in critically ill patients. Ely EW, Girard TD, Shintani AK, Jackson JC, Gordon SM, Thomason JW, Pun BT, Canonico AE, Light RW, Pandharipande P, Laskowitz DT (2007) Crit Care Med 35(1): 112-7
    › Primary publication · 17133176 (PubMed)
  73. Comment on "Validity and reliability of the DDS for severity of delirium in the ICU". Girard TD, Jackson JC, Ely EW (2006) Neurocrit Care 4(2): 190-1; author reply 192-3
    › Primary publication · 16627911 (PubMed)
  74. Ultrasound guidance during central venous catheterization: a survey of use by house staff physicians. Girard TD, Schectman JM (2005) J Crit Care 20(3): 224-9
    › Primary publication · 16253790 (PubMed)
  75. The immunopathogenesis of sepsis in elderly patients. Opal SM, Girard TD, Ely EW (2005) Clin Infect Dis : S504-12
    › Primary publication · 16237654 (PubMed)
  76. Insights into severe sepsis in older patients: from epidemiology to evidence-based management. Girard TD, Opal SM, Ely EW (2005) Clin Infect Dis 40(5): 719-27
    › Primary publication · 15714419 (PubMed)
  77. Prophylactic vena cava filters for trauma patients: a systematic review of the literature. Girard TD, Philbrick JT, Fritz Angle J, Becker DM (2003) Thromb Res 112(5-6): 261-7
    › Primary publication · 15041267 (PubMed)