Subramaniam Sriram
Last active: 4/18/2017


The neuroimmunology research program is focused on understanding the mechanism of inflammatory demyelination in the central nervous system (CNS). The underpinnings of CNS demyelination appear to depend on the close interactions between T cells that are targeted to CNS antigens and the activation and secretion of proinflammatory cytokines made by microglial cells. In particular, we are interested in defining how the immunoinhibitory cytokines, TGFb and IL-10, affect T cell/microglial activation. Our efforts are currently designed to address the signal transduction pathways that are involved in cytokine signaling and the mechanism by which the signals are altered. Our laboratory also uses an autoimmune model of CNS demyelination experimental allergic encephalitis to develop therapeutic strategies that may be eventually applicable to treatment of human demyelinating disease such as multiple sclerosis. These include the use of pro-inflammatory cytokine antagonists, cytokine receptor antagonists and compounds that interfere with signal transduction pathways. .


The following timeline graph is generated from all co-authored publications.

Featured publications are shown below:

  1. Clinical Reasoning: A 57-year-old woman with ataxia and oscillopsia: Varicella-zoster encephalitis. Bradshaw MJ, Gilden D, Lavin P, Sriram S (2016) Neurology 87(7): e61-4
    › Primary publication · 27527543 (PubMed) · PMC4999162 (PubMed Central)
  2. TLR3 Agonist Poly-IC Induces IL-33 and Promotes Myelin Repair. Natarajan C, Yao SY, Sriram S (2016) PLoS One 11(3): e0152163
    › Primary publication · 27022724 (PubMed) · PMC4811556 (PubMed Central)
  3. Autopsy-proven demyelination associated with infliximab treatment. Bradshaw MJ, Mobley BC, Zwerner JP, Sriram S (2016) Neurol Neuroimmunol Neuroinflamm 3(2): e205
    › Primary publication · 26894207 (PubMed) · PMC4747476 (PubMed Central)
  4. Defective structural RNA processing in relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis. Spurlock CF, Tossberg JT, Guo Y, Sriram S, Crooke PS, Aune TM (2015) Genome Biol : 58
    › Primary publication · 25885816 (PubMed) · PMC4403723 (PubMed Central)
  5. Improved diffusion tensor imaging of the optic nerve using multishot two-dimensional navigated acquisitions. Jeong HK, Dewey BE, Hirtle JA, Lavin P, Sriram S, Pawate S, Gore JC, Anderson AW, Kang H, Smith SA (2015) Magn Reson Med 74(4): 953-63
    › Primary publication · 25263603 (PubMed) · PMC4375089 (PubMed Central)
  6. Expression of IL-33 and its epigenetic regulation in Multiple Sclerosis. Zhang F, Tossberg JT, Spurlock CF, Yao SY, Aune TM, Sriram S (2014) Ann Clin Transl Neurol 1(5): 307-318
    › Primary publication · 25215310 (PubMed) · PMC4157667 (PubMed Central)
  7. Activation of NOD2/RIPK2 pathway induces mitochondrial injury to oligodendrocyte precursor cells in vitro and CNS demyelination in vivo. Natarajan C, Yao SY, Zhang F, Sriram S (2013) J Neuroimmunol 265(1-2): 51-60
    › Primary publication · 24169446 (PubMed)
  8. Automated extraction of clinical traits of multiple sclerosis in electronic medical records. Davis MF, Sriram S, Bush WS, Denny JC, Haines JL (2013) J Am Med Inform Assoc 20(e2): e334-40
    › Primary publication · 24148554 (PubMed) · PMC3861927 (PubMed Central)
  9. Using biomarkers to predict progression from clinically isolated syndrome to multiple sclerosis. Tossberg JT, Crooke PS, Henderson MA, Sriram S, Mrelashvili D, Vosslamber S, Verweij CL, Olsen NJ, Aune TM (2013) J Clin Bioinforma 3(1): 18
    › Primary publication · 24088512 (PubMed) · PMC3850501 (PubMed Central)
  10. Astrogliopathy and oligodendrogliopathy are early events in CNS demyelination. Zhang F, Yao SY, Whetsell WO, Sriram S (2013) Glia 61(8): 1261-73
    › Primary publication · 23832594 (PubMed)
  11. Diagnostic and therapeutic aspects of Hashimoto's encephalopathy. Olmez I, Moses H, Sriram S, Kirshner H, Lagrange AH, Pawate S (2013) J Neurol Sci 331(1-2): 67-71
    › Primary publication · 23759502 (PubMed)
  12. Adult-onset leukoencephalopathy with neuroaxonal spheroids and pigmented glia: report of five cases and a new mutation. Kleinfeld K, Mobley B, Hedera P, Wegner A, Sriram S, Pawate S (2013) J Neurol 260(2): 558-71
    › Primary publication · 23052599 (PubMed)
  13. Prostaglandin I2 signaling drives Th17 differentiation and exacerbates experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Zhou W, Dowell DR, Huckabee MM, Newcomb DC, Boswell MG, Goleniewska K, Lotz MT, Toki S, Yin H, Yao S, Natarajan C, Wu P, Sriram S, Breyer RM, Fitzgerald GA, Peebles RS (2012) PLoS One 7(5): e33518
    › Primary publication · 22590492 (PubMed) · PMC3349674 (PubMed Central)
  14. nNOS mediated mitochondrial injury in LPS stimulated oligodendrocytes. Yao SY, Natarajan C, Sriram S (2012) Mitochondrion 12(2): 336-44
    › Primary publication · 22289618 (PubMed)
  15. Role of glial cells in innate immunity and their role in CNS demyelination. Sriram S (2011) J Neuroimmunol 239(1-2): 13-20
    › Primary publication · 21907419 (PubMed)
  16. Analysis of T2 intensity by magnetic resonance imaging of deep gray matter nuclei in multiple sclerosis patients: effect of immunomodulatory therapies. Pawate S, Wang L, Song Y, Sriram S (2012) J Neuroimaging 22(2): 137-44
    › Primary publication · 21707826 (PubMed)
  17. Development of chemical exchange saturation transfer at 7 T. Dula AN, Asche EM, Landman BA, Welch EB, Pawate S, Sriram S, Gore JC, Smith SA (2011) Magn Reson Med 66(3): 831-8
    › Primary publication · 21432902 (PubMed) · PMC3156337 (PubMed Central)
  18. Role of HDAC3 on p53 expression and apoptosis in T cells of patients with multiple sclerosis. Zhang F, Shi Y, Wang L, Sriram S (2011) PLoS One 6(2): e16795
    › Primary publication · 21346816 (PubMed) · PMC3035634 (PubMed Central)
  19. The role of infections in the pathogenesis and course of multiple sclerosis. Pawate S, Sriram S (2010) Ann Indian Acad Neurol 13(2): 80-6
    › Primary publication · 20814489 (PubMed) · PMC2924524 (PubMed Central)
  20. LPS mediated injury to oligodendrocytes is mediated by the activation of nNOS: relevance to human demyelinating disease. Yao S, Pandey P, Ljunggren-Rose A, Sriram S (2010) Nitric Oxide 22(3): 197-204
    › Primary publication · 20005301 (PubMed)