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John Jeffrey Carr
Professor of Radiology, Biomedical Informatics and Cardiovascular Medicine
Last active: 1/10/2020


Dr. John Jeffrey Carr is the Cornelius Vanderbilt Professor of Radiology and Radiological Sciences and Professor of Biomedical Informatics and Cardiovascular Medicine.

Clinically, he specializes in non-invasive cardiovascular imaging computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). He is a physician-scientist using non-invasive imaging to not only identify and predict disease before it becomes clinical evident. 

Dr. Carr’s research is focused on developing quantitative imaging phenotypes and biomarkers applicable to population-based and personalized medicine. His current research is using advanced computed tomography (CT) techniques to measure coronary blood vessels, coronary plaque and the surrounding pericardial adipose tissue (fat cells) as a means to better understand who is at highest risk for myocardial infarction (heart attacks) and heart failure later in life (NIH-NHLBI 7R01HL098445-05). This project is part of the NHLBI Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). He is also part of NHLBI’s Cardiovascular Research Grid (CVRG) and leads the imaging informatics project. He has expertise in phenotyping for genetic studies, epidemiologic and clinical trials with non-invasive imaging and has extensive research experience with humans, non-human primates and small animals. Important contributions include: establishing coronary artery calcified plaque as a strong predictor of CVD events independent of risk factors: demonstrating that estrogen replacement therapy results in significant reduction of subclinical coronary artery disease in women and that pericardial adipose tissue independently adds to the prediction of CVD events.


He is a founding member and past president of the Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (SCCT). He is a fellow of the American College of Radiology (FACR), American College of Cardiology (FACC), American Heart Association (FAHA) and Society of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography (FSCCT).


The following timeline graph is generated from all co-authored publications.

Featured publications are shown below:

  1. Association Between Objective Activity Intensity & Heart Rate Variability: CVD Risk Factor Mediation (CARDIA). Pope ZC, Gabriel KP, Whitaker KM, Chen LY, Schreiner PJ, Jacobs DR, Sternfeld B, Carr JJ, Lloyd-Jones DM, Pereira MA (2020) Med Sci Sports Exerc
    › Primary publication · 31913245 (PubMed)
  2. Associations of Thigh and Abdominal Adipose Tissue Radiodensity with Glucose and Insulin in Nondiabetic African-Ancestry Men. Tilves C, Zmuda JM, Kuipers AL, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Wheeler V, Peddada SD, Nair S, Miljkovic I (2020) Obesity (Silver Spring) 28(2): 404-411
    › Primary publication · 31872575 (PubMed) · PMC6980942 (PubMed Central)
  3. Stochastic tissue window normalization of deep learning on computed tomography. Huo Y, Tang Y, Chen Y, Gao D, Han S, Bao S, De S, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Abramson RG, Landman BA (2019) J Med Imaging (Bellingham) 6(4): 044005
    › Primary publication · 31763353 (PubMed) · PMC6863984 (PubMed Central)
  4. Coronary Calcium Detection using 3D Attention Identical Dual Deep Network Based on Weakly Supervised Learning. Huo Y, Terry JG, Wang J, Nath V, Bermudez C, Bao S, Parvathaneni P, Carr JJ, Landman BA (2019) Proc SPIE Int Soc Opt Eng
    › Primary publication · 31762534 (PubMed) · PMC6874228 (PubMed Central)
  5. The effects of intensive dietary weight loss and exercise on gait in overweight and obese adults with knee osteoarthritis. The Intensive Diet and Exercise for Arthritis (IDEA) trial. Messier SP, Beavers DP, Mihalko SL, Miller GD, Lyles MF, Hunter DJ, Carr JJ, Eckstein F, Guermazi A, Loeser RF, DeVita P (2020) J Biomech : 109477
    › Primary publication · 31732174 (PubMed) · PMC6949016 (PubMed Central)
  6. Pulmonary Artery Acceleration Time in Young Adulthood and Cardiovascular Outcomes Later in Life: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study. Moreira HT, Vasconcellos HD, Ambale-Venkatesh B, Brittain EL, Nwabuo CC, Schmidt A, Lloyd-Jones DM, Carr JJ, Lewis CE, Jacobs DR, Gidding SS, Lima JAC (2020) J Am Soc Echocardiogr 33(1): 82-89.e1
    › Primary publication · 31648849 (PubMed)
  7. Low Awareness of Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in a Population-Based Cohort Sample: the CARDIA Study. Cleveland ER, Ning H, Vos MB, Lewis CE, Rinella ME, Carr JJ, Lloyd-Jones DM, VanWagner LB (2019) J Gen Intern Med 34(12): 2772-2778
    › Primary publication · 31595464 (PubMed) · PMC6854130 (PubMed Central)
  8. Left Ventricular Mass at MRI and Long-term Risk of Cardiovascular Events: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Kawel-Boehm N, Kronmal R, Eng J, Folsom A, Burke G, Carr JJ, Shea S, Lima JAC, Bluemke DA (2019) Radiology 293(1): 107-114
    › Primary publication · 31453766 (PubMed) · PMC6776886 (PubMed Central)
  9. Insulin Resistance Exacerbates Genetic Predisposition to Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Individuals Without Diabetes. Barata L, Feitosa MF, Bielak LF, Halligan B, Baldridge AS, Guo X, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Smith AV, Yao J, Palmer ND, VanWagner LB, Carr JJ, Chen YI, Allison M, Budoff MJ, Handelman SK, Kardia SLR, Mosley TH, Ryan K, Harris TB, Launer LJ, Gudnason V, Rotter JI, Fornage M, Rasmussen-Torvik LJ, Borecki IB, O'Connell JR, Peyser PA, Speliotes EK, Province MA (2019) Hepatol Commun 3(7): 894-907
    › Primary publication · 31334442 (PubMed) · PMC6601321 (PubMed Central)
  10. Fully automatic liver attenuation estimation combing CNN segmentation and morphological operations. Huo Y, Terry JG, Wang J, Nair S, Lasko TA, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Landman BA (2019) Med Phys 46(8): 3508-3519
    › Primary publication · 31228267 (PubMed) · PMC6692233 (PubMed Central)
  11. Coronary Artery Calcium From Early Adulthood to Middle Age and Left Ventricular Structure and Function. Yared GS, Moreira HT, Ambale-Venkatesh B, Vasconcellos HD, Nwabuo CC, Ostovaneh MR, Reis JP, Lloyd-Jones DM, Schreiner PJ, Lewis CE, Sidney S, Carr JJ, Gidding SS, Lima JAC (2019) Circ Cardiovasc Imaging 12(6): e009228
    › Primary publication · 31195818 (PubMed) · PMC6582968 (PubMed Central)
  12. NT-proBNP, race and endothelial function in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Yang S, Huang S, Daniels LB, Yeboah J, Lima JAC, Cannone V, Burnett JC, Beckman JA, Carr JJ, Wang TJ, Gupta DK (2019) Heart 105(20): 1590-1596
    › Primary publication · 31152069 (PubMed) · PMC7179817 (PubMed Central)
  13. Plasma apoM and S1P levels are inversely associated with mortality in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Liu M, Frej C, Langefeld CD, Divers J, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Gebre AK, Xu J, Larsson B, Dahlbäck B, Freedman BI, Parks JS (2019) J Lipid Res 60(8): 1425-1431
    › Primary publication · 31133557 (PubMed) · PMC6672033 (PubMed Central)
  14. A Peripheral Blood DNA Methylation Signature of Hepatic Fat Reveals a Potential Causal Pathway for Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. Ma J, Nano J, Ding J, Zheng Y, Hennein R, Liu C, Speliotes EK, Huan T, Song C, Mendelson MM, Joehanes R, Long MT, Liang L, Smith JA, Reynolds LM, Ghanbari M, Muka T, van Meurs JBJ, Alferink LJM, Franco OH, Dehghan A, Ratliff S, Zhao W, Bielak L, Kardia SLR, Peyser PA, Ning H, VanWagner LB, Lloyd-Jones DM, Carr JJ, Greenland P, Lichtenstein AH, Hu FB, Liu Y, Hou L, Darwish Murad S, Levy D (2019) Diabetes 68(5): 1073-1083
    › Primary publication · 30936141 (PubMed) · PMC6477898 (PubMed Central)
  15. Body Composition and Diabetes Risk in South Asians: Findings From the MASALA and MESA Studies. Flowers E, Lin F, Kandula NR, Allison M, Carr JJ, Ding J, Shah R, Liu K, Herrington D, Kanaya AM (2019) Diabetes Care 42(5): 946-953
    › Primary publication · 30796111 (PubMed) · PMC6489113 (PubMed Central)
  16. Associations of Unhealthy Food Environment With the Development of Coronary Artery Calcification: The CARDIA Study. Kelman J, Pool LR, Gordon-Larsen P, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Rana JS, Kershaw KN (2019) J Am Heart Assoc 8(4): e010586
    › Primary publication · 30773088 (PubMed) · PMC6405647 (PubMed Central)
  17. Sex Hormone-Binding Globulin Levels in Young Men Are Associated With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease in Midlife. Sarkar M, VanWagner LB, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Rinella M, Schreiner PJ, Lewis CE, Terrault N, Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Cohort (2019) Am J Gastroenterol 114(5): 758-763
    › Primary publication · 30730350 (PubMed) · PMC6599461 (PubMed Central)
  18. Estradiol Treatment Initiated Early After Ovariectomy Regulates Myocardial Gene Expression and Inhibits Diastolic Dysfunction in Female Cynomolgus Monkeys: Potential Roles for Calcium Homeostasis and Extracellular Matrix Remodeling. Michalson KT, Groban L, Howard TD, Shively CA, Sophonsritsuk A, Appt SE, Cline JM, Clarkson TB, Carr JJ, Kitzman DW, Register TC (2018) J Am Heart Assoc 7(21): e009769
    › Primary publication · 30571375 (PubMed) · PMC6404177 (PubMed Central)
  19. Calcium Scoring for Cardiovascular Computed Tomography: How, When and Why? Carr JJ (2019) Radiol Clin North Am 57(1): 1-12
    › Primary publication · 30454806 (PubMed)
  20. Longer lactation duration is associated with decreased prevalence of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease in women. Ajmera VH, Terrault NA, VanWagner LB, Sarkar M, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Gunderson EP (2019) J Hepatol 70(1): 126-132
    › Primary publication · 30392752 (PubMed) · PMC6599460 (PubMed Central)
  21. Automated Characterization of Body Composition and Frailty with Clinically Acquired CT. Hu P, Huo Y, Kong D, Carr JJ, Abramson RG, Hartley KG, Landman BA (2018) Comput Methods Clin Appl Musculoskelet Imaging (2017) : 25-35
    › Primary publication · 30335867 (PubMed) · PMC6166477 (PubMed Central)
  22. Association of abdominal muscle composition with prediabetes and diabetes: The CARDIA study. Granados A, Gebremariam A, Gidding SS, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Steffen LM, Jacobs DR, Lee JM (2019) Diabetes Obes Metab 21(2): 267-275
    › Primary publication · 30159995 (PubMed) · PMC6329642 (PubMed Central)
  23. Higher Aortic Stiffness Is Related to Lower Cerebral Blood Flow and Preserved Cerebrovascular Reactivity in Older Adults. Jefferson AL, Cambronero FE, Liu D, Moore EE, Neal JE, Terry JG, Nair S, Pechman KR, Rane S, Davis LT, Gifford KA, Hohman TJ, Bell SP, Wang TJ, Beckman JA, Carr JJ (2018) Circulation 138(18): 1951-1962
    › Primary publication · 30018169 (PubMed) · PMC6394409 (PubMed Central)
  24. Increased Left Ventricular Mass Index Is Associated With Compromised White Matter Microstructure Among Older Adults. Moore EE, Liu D, Pechman KR, Terry JG, Nair S, Cambronero FE, Bell SP, Gifford KA, Anderson AW, Hohman TJ, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL (2018) J Am Heart Assoc 7(13)
    › Primary publication · 29945917 (PubMed) · PMC6064880 (PubMed Central)
  25. Angiographic Efficacy of the Atriclip Left Atrial Appendage Exclusion Device Placed by Minimally Invasive Thoracoscopic Approach. Ellis CR, Aznaurov SG, Patel NJ, Williams JR, Sandler KL, Hoff SJ, Ball SK, Whalen SP, Carr JJ (2017) JACC Clin Electrophysiol 3(12): 1356-1365
    › Primary publication · 29759664 (PubMed)
  26. Associations of coronary artery calcified plaque density with mortality in type 2 diabetes: the Diabetes Heart Study. Raffield LM, Cox AJ, Criqui MH, Hsu FC, Terry JG, Xu J, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW (2018) Cardiovasc Diabetol 17(1): 67
    › Primary publication · 29751802 (PubMed) · PMC5946410 (PubMed Central)
  27. APOE genotype modifies the association between central arterial stiffening and cognition in older adults. Cambronero FE, Liu D, Neal JE, Moore EE, Gifford KA, Terry JG, Nair S, Pechman KR, Osborn KE, Hohman TJ, Bell SP, Sweatt JD, Wang TJ, Beckman JA, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL (2018) Neurobiol Aging : 120-127
    › Primary publication · 29656011 (PubMed) · PMC5985659 (PubMed Central)
  28. Twenty-five-year trajectories of insulin resistance and pancreatic β-cell response and diabetes risk in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. VanWagner LB, Ning H, Allen NB, Siddique J, Carson AP, Bancks MP, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Speliotes E, Terrault NA, Rinella ME, Vos MB, Lloyd-Jones DM (2018) Liver Int 38(11): 2069-2081
    › Primary publication · 29608255 (PubMed) · PMC6557126 (PubMed Central)
  29. Coronary Artery Calcium Scores and Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Stratification in Smokers. Leigh A, McEvoy JW, Garg P, Carr JJ, Sandfort V, Oelsner EC, Budoff M, Herrington D, Yeboah J (2019) JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 12(5): 852-861
    › Primary publication · 29454784 (PubMed) · PMC6085167 (PubMed Central)
  30. Subclinical Compromise in Cardiac Strain Relates to Lower Cognitive Performances in Older Adults. Kresge HA, Khan OA, Wagener MA, Liu D, Terry JG, Nair S, Cambronero FE, Gifford KA, Osborn KE, Hohman TJ, Pechman KR, Bell SP, Wang TJ, Carr JJ, Jefferson AL (2018) J Am Heart Assoc 7(4)
    › Primary publication · 29440034 (PubMed) · PMC5850190 (PubMed Central)
  31. Adipose tissue depot volume relationships with spinal trabecular bone mineral density in African Americans with diabetes. Chan GC, Divers J, Russell GB, Langefeld CD, Wagenknecht LE, Xu J, Smith SC, Bowden DW, Register TC, Carr JJ, Lenchik L, Freedman BI (2018) PLoS One 13(1): e0191674
    › Primary publication · 29364924 (PubMed) · PMC5783409 (PubMed Central)
  32. Duration of Diabetes and Prediabetes During Adulthood and Subclinical Atherosclerosis and Cardiac Dysfunction in Middle Age: The CARDIA Study. Reis JP, Allen NB, Bancks MP, Carr JJ, Lewis CE, Lima JA, Rana JS, Gidding SS, Schreiner PJ (2018) Diabetes Care 41(4): 731-738
    › Primary publication · 29317451 (PubMed) · PMC5860835 (PubMed Central)
  33. Bone Mineral Density of the Radius Predicts All-Cause Mortality in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes: Diabetes Heart Study. Lenchik L, Register TC, Hsu FC, Xu J, Smith SC, Carr JJ, Freedman BI, Bowden DW (2018) J Clin Densitom 21(3): 347-354
    › Primary publication · 29284565 (PubMed) · PMC5984132 (PubMed Central)
  34. Relation of Ectopic Fat with Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease Risk Score in South Asians Living in the United States (from the Mediators of Atherosclerosis in South Asians Living in America [MASALA] Study). Mongraw-Chaffin M, Gujral UP, Kanaya AM, Kandula NR, Carr JJ, Anderson CAM (2018) Am J Cardiol 121(3): 315-321
    › Primary publication · 29241969 (PubMed) · PMC5758412 (PubMed Central)
  35. Genome-wide association study of coronary artery calcified atherosclerotic plaque in African Americans with type 2 diabetes. Divers J, Palmer ND, Langefeld CD, Brown WM, Lu L, Hicks PJ, Smith SC, Xu J, Terry JG, Register TC, Wagenknecht LE, Parks JS, Ma L, Chan GC, Buxbaum SG, Correa A, Musani S, Wilson JG, Taylor HA, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Freedman BI (2017) BMC Genet 18(1): 105
    › Primary publication · 29221444 (PubMed) · PMC5723099 (PubMed Central)
  36. Self-reported marijuana use over 25 years and abdominal adiposity: the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Bancks MP, Auer R, Carr JJ, Goff DC, Kiefe C, Rana JS, Reis J, Sidney S, Terry JG, Schreiner PJ (2018) Addiction 113(4): 689-698
    › Primary publication · 29127726 (PubMed) · PMC5847434 (PubMed Central)
  37. Intermuscular Adipose Tissue and Subclinical Coronary Artery Calcification in Midlife: The CARDIA Study (Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults). Terry JG, Shay CM, Schreiner PJ, Jacobs DR, Sanchez OA, Reis JP, Goff DC, Gidding SS, Steffen LM, Carr JJ (2017) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 37(12): 2370-2378
    › Primary publication · 29025708 (PubMed) · PMC5699947 (PubMed Central)
  38. Alcohol Use and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Patients With Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease. VanWagner LB, Ning H, Allen NB, Ajmera V, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Lloyd-Jones DM, Terrault NA, Siddique J (2017) Gastroenterology 153(5): 1260-1272.e3
    › Primary publication · 28802566 (PubMed) · PMC5669829 (PubMed Central)
  39. Differences in Natriuretic Peptide Levels by Race/Ethnicity (From the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis). Gupta DK, Daniels LB, Cheng S, deFilippi CR, Criqui MH, Maisel AS, Lima JA, Bahrami H, Greenland P, Cushman M, Tracy R, Siscovick D, Bertoni AG, Cannone V, Burnett JC, Carr JJ, Wang TJ (2017) Am J Cardiol 120(6): 1008-1015
    › Primary publication · 28750825 (PubMed) · PMC5575954 (PubMed Central)
  40. Rapid decline in lung function is temporally associated with greater metabolically active adiposity in a longitudinal study of healthy adults. Moualla M, Qualls C, Arynchyn A, Thyagarajan B, Kalhan R, Smith LJ, Carr JJ, Jacobs DR, Sood A (2017) Thorax 72(12): 1113-1120
    › Primary publication · 28729298 (PubMed) · PMC6158777 (PubMed Central)
  41. Association of ectopic fat with abdominal aorto-illiac and coronary artery calcification in african ancestry men. Kuipers AL, Zmuda JM, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Nair S, Cvejkus R, Bunker CH, Patrick AL, Wassel CL, Miljkovic I (2017) Atherosclerosis : 198-204
    › Primary publication · 28651187 (PubMed) · PMC5557679 (PubMed Central)
  42. Long-term sertraline treatment and depression effects on carotid artery atherosclerosis in premenopausal female primates. Silverstein-Metzler MG, Justice JN, Appt SE, Groban L, Kitzman DW, Carr JJ, Register TC, Shively CA (2017) Menopause 24(10): 1175-1184
    › Primary publication · 28609387 (PubMed) · PMC5607066 (PubMed Central)
  43. Coffee consumption and calcified atherosclerotic plaques in the coronary arteries: The NHLBI Family Heart Study. Patel YR, Gadiraju TV, Ellison RC, Hunt SC, Carr JJ, Heiss G, Arnett DK, Pankow JS, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L (2017) Clin Nutr ESPEN : 18-21
    › Primary publication · 28361742 (PubMed) · PMC5501720 (PubMed Central)
  44. Echocardiographic Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study: Associations With Race and Metabolic Dysregulation. Brittain EL, Nwabuo C, Xu M, Gupta DK, Hemnes AR, Moreira HT, De Vasconcellos HD, Terry JG, Carr JJ, Lima JA (2017) J Am Heart Assoc 6(4)
    › Primary publication · 28360228 (PubMed) · PMC5533013 (PubMed Central)
  45. Subclinical Atherosclerosis, Statin Eligibility, and Outcomes in African American Individuals: The Jackson Heart Study. Shah RV, Spahillari A, Mwasongwe S, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Mentz RJ, Addison D, Hoffmann U, Reis J, Freedman JE, Lima JAC, Correa A, Murthy VL (2017) JAMA Cardiol 2(6): 644-652
    › Primary publication · 28315622 (PubMed) · PMC5815027 (PubMed Central)
  46. Association of Coronary Artery Calcium in Adults Aged 32 to 46 Years With Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Death. Carr JJ, Jacobs DR, Terry JG, Shay CM, Sidney S, Liu K, Schreiner PJ, Lewis CE, Shikany JM, Reis JP, Goff DC (2017) JAMA Cardiol 2(4): 391-399
    › Primary publication · 28196265 (PubMed) · PMC5397328 (PubMed Central)
  47. Apolipoprotein L1 and Chronic Kidney Disease Risk in Young Potential Living Kidney Donors. Locke JE, Sawinski D, Reed RD, Shelton B, MacLennan PA, Kumar V, Mehta S, Mannon RB, Gaston R, Julian BA, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Kilgore M, Massie AB, Segev DL, Lewis CE (2018) Ann Surg 267(6): 1161-1168
    › Primary publication · 28187045 (PubMed) · PMC5805656 (PubMed Central)
  48. Cholesterol, lipoproteins and subclinical interstitial lung disease: the MESA study. Podolanczuk AJ, Raghu G, Tsai MY, Kawut SM, Peterson E, Sonti R, Rabinowitz D, Johnson C, Barr RG, Hinckley Stukovsky K, Hoffman EA, Carr JJ, Ahmed FS, Jacobs DR, Watson K, Shea SJ, Lederer DJ (2017) Thorax 72(5): 472-474
    › Primary publication · 28130491 (PubMed) · PMC5388565 (PubMed Central)
  49. Association of the Interaction Between Smoking and Depressive Symptom Clusters With Coronary Artery Calcification: The CARDIA Study. Carroll AJ, Auer R, Colangelo LA, Carnethon MR, Jacobs DR, Stewart JC, Widome R, Carr JJ, Liu K, Hitsman B (2017) J Dual Diagn 13(1): 43-51
    › Primary publication · 28129086 (PubMed) · PMC5525054 (PubMed Central)
  50. Abdominal lean muscle is associated with lower mortality among kidney waitlist candidates. Locke JE, Carr JJ, Nair S, Terry JG, Reed RD, Smith GD, Segev DL, Kumar V, Lewis CE (2017) Clin Transplant 31(3)
    › Primary publication · 28075034 (PubMed) · PMC5336401 (PubMed Central)
  51. Multiethnic genome-wide meta-analysis of ectopic fat depots identifies loci associated with adipocyte development and differentiation. Chu AY, Deng X, Fisher VA, Drong A, Zhang Y, Feitosa MF, Liu CT, Weeks O, Choh AC, Duan Q, Dyer TD, Eicher JD, Guo X, Heard-Costa NL, Kacprowski T, Kent JW, Lange LA, Liu X, Lohman K, Lu L, Mahajan A, O'Connell JR, Parihar A, Peralta JM, Smith AV, Zhang Y, Homuth G, Kissebah AH, Kullberg J, Laqua R, Launer LJ, Nauck M, Olivier M, Peyser PA, Terry JG, Wojczynski MK, Yao J, Bielak LF, Blangero J, Borecki IB, Bowden DW, Carr JJ, Czerwinski SA, Ding J, Friedrich N, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Ingelsson E, Johnson AD, Kardia SL, Langefeld CD, Lind L, Liu Y, Mitchell BD, Morris AP, Mosley TH, Rotter JI, Shuldiner AR, Towne B, Völzke H, Wallaschofski H, Wilson JG, Allison M, Lindgren CM, Goessling W, Cupples LA, Steinhauser ML, Fox CS (2017) Nat Genet 49(1): 125-130
    › Primary publication · 27918534 (PubMed) · PMC5451114 (PubMed Central)
  52. Multiethnic Exome-Wide Association Study of Subclinical Atherosclerosis. Natarajan P, Bis JC, Bielak LF, Cox AJ, Dörr M, Feitosa MF, Franceschini N, Guo X, Hwang SJ, Isaacs A, Jhun MA, Kavousi M, Li-Gao R, Lyytikäinen LP, Marioni RE, Schminke U, Stitziel NO, Tada H, van Setten J, Smith AV, Vojinovic D, Yanek LR, Yao J, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Amin N, Baber U, Borecki IB, Carr JJ, Chen YI, Cupples LA, de Jong PA, de Koning H, de Vos BD, Demirkan A, Fuster V, Franco OH, Goodarzi MO, Harris TB, Heckbert SR, Heiss G, Hoffmann U, Hofman A, Išgum I, Jukema JW, Kähönen M, Kardia SL, Kral BG, Launer LJ, Massaro J, Mehran R, Mitchell BD, Mosley TH, de Mutsert R, Newman AB, Nguyen KD, North KE, O'Connell JR, Oudkerk M, Pankow JS, Peloso GM, Post W, Province MA, Raffield LM, Raitakari OT, Reilly DF, Rivadeneira F, Rosendaal F, Sartori S, Taylor KD, Teumer A, Trompet S, Turner ST, Uitterlinden AG, Vaidya D, van der Lugt A, Völker U, Wardlaw JM, Wassel CL, Weiss S, Wojczynski MK, Becker DM, Becker LC, Boerwinkle E, Bowden DW, Deary IJ, Dehghan A, Felix SB, Gudnason V, Lehtimäki T, Mathias R, Mook-Kanamori DO, Psaty BM, Rader DJ, Rotter JI, Wilson JG, van Duijn CM, Völzke H, Kathiresan S, Peyser PA, O'Donnell CJ, CHARGE Consortium (2016) Circ Cardiovasc Genet 9(6): 511-520
    › Primary publication · 27872105 (PubMed) · PMC5418659 (PubMed Central)
  53. Microbiota-Dependent Metabolite Trimethylamine N-Oxide and Coronary Artery Calcium in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults Study (CARDIA). Meyer KA, Benton TZ, Bennett BJ, Jacobs DR, Lloyd-Jones DM, Gross MD, Carr JJ, Gordon-Larsen P, Zeisel SH (2016) J Am Heart Assoc 5(10)
    › Primary publication · 27792658 (PubMed) · PMC5121500 (PubMed Central)
  54. Transitions in Metabolic Risk and Long-Term Cardiovascular Health: Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. Murthy VL, Abbasi SA, Siddique J, Colangelo LA, Reis J, Venkatesh BA, Carr JJ, Terry JG, Camhi SM, Jerosch-Herold M, de Ferranti S, Das S, Freedman J, Carnethon MR, Lewis CE, Lima JA, Shah RV (2016) J Am Heart Assoc 5(10)
    › Primary publication · 27737876 (PubMed) · PMC5121498 (PubMed Central)
  55. Interaction between smoking and depressive symptoms with subclinical heart disease in the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Carroll AJ, Carnethon MR, Liu K, Jacobs DR, Colangelo LA, Stewart JC, Carr JJ, Widome R, Auer R, Hitsman B (2017) Health Psychol 36(2): 101-111
    › Primary publication · 27736150 (PubMed) · PMC5269456 (PubMed Central)
  56. The effect of high intensity statin use on liver density: A post hoc analysis of the coronary artery calcification treatment with zocor [CATZ] study. Sarkar S, Terry JG, Ikizler TA, Crouse JR, Carr JJ, Hung AM (2016) Obes Res Clin Pract 10(5): 613-615
    › Primary publication · 27670349 (PubMed)
  57. Adiposity is inversely associated with hippocampal volume in African Americans and European Americans with diabetes. Hsu FC, Yuan M, Bowden DW, Xu J, Smith SC, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Divers J, Register TC, Carr JJ, Williamson JD, Sink KM, Maldjian JA, Freedman BI (2016) J Diabetes Complications 30(8): 1506-1512
    › Primary publication · 27615667 (PubMed) · PMC5050135 (PubMed Central)
  58. Bone Mineral Density and Progression of Subclinical Atherosclerosis in African-Americans With Type 2 Diabetes. Wagenknecht LE, Divers J, Register TC, Russell GB, Bowden DW, Xu J, Langefeld CD, Lenchik L, Hruska KA, Carr JJ, Freedman BI (2016) J Clin Endocrinol Metab 101(11): 4135-4141
    › Primary publication · 27552541 (PubMed) · PMC5095232 (PubMed Central)
  59. Walking and Calcified Atherosclerotic Plaque in the Coronary Arteries: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Imran TF, Patel Y, Ellison RC, Carr JJ, Arnett DK, Pankow JS, Heiss G, Hunt SC, Gaziano JM, Djoussé L (2016) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 36(6): 1272-7
    › Primary publication · 27102966 (PubMed) · PMC4882221 (PubMed Central)
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  126. Genome-wide association study of cardiac structure and systolic function in African Americans: the Candidate Gene Association Resource (CARe) study. Fox ER, Musani SK, Barbalic M, Lin H, Yu B, Ogunyankin KO, Smith NL, Kutlar A, Glazer NL, Post WS, Paltoo DN, Dries DL, Farlow DN, Duarte CW, Kardia SL, Meyers KJ, Sun YV, Arnett DK, Patki AA, Sha J, Cui X, Samdarshi TE, Penman AD, Bibbins-Domingo K, Bůžková P, Benjamin EJ, Bluemke DA, Morrison AC, Heiss G, Carr JJ, Tracy RP, Mosley TH, Taylor HA, Psaty BM, Heckbert SR, Cappola TP, Vasan RS (2013) Circ Cardiovasc Genet 6(1): 37-46
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  127. Admixture mapping of coronary artery calcified plaque in African Americans with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Divers J, Palmer ND, Lu L, Register TC, Carr JJ, Hicks PJ, Hightower RC, Smith SC, Xu J, Cox AJ, Hruska KA, Bowden DW, Lewis CE, Heiss G, Province MA, Borecki IB, Kerr KF, Chen YD, Palmas W, Rotter JI, Wassel CL, Bertoni AG, Herrington DM, Wagenknecht LE, Langefeld CD, Freedman BI (2013) Circ Cardiovasc Genet 6(1): 97-105
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  128. Coronary calcium score predicts cardiovascular mortality in diabetes: diabetes heart study. Agarwal S, Cox AJ, Herrington DM, Jorgensen NW, Xu J, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW (2013) Diabetes Care 36(4): 972-7
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  129. Prognosis of individuals with asymptomatic left ventricular systolic dysfunction in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA). Yeboah J, Rodriguez CJ, Stacey B, Lima JA, Liu S, Carr JJ, Hundley WG, Herrington DM (2012) Circulation 126(23): 2713-9
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  130. Comparison of novel risk markers for improvement in cardiovascular risk assessment in intermediate-risk individuals. Yeboah J, McClelland RL, Polonsky TS, Burke GL, Sibley CT, O'Leary D, Carr JJ, Goff DC, Greenland P, Herrington DM (2012) JAMA 308(8): 788-95
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  131. Fatty liver, abdominal adipose tissue and atherosclerotic calcification in African Americans: the Jackson Heart Study. Liu J, Musani SK, Bidulescu A, Carr JJ, Wilson JG, Taylor HA, Fox CS (2012) Atherosclerosis 224(2): 521-5
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  132. Patient-controlled sharing of medical imaging data across unaffiliated healthcare organizations. Ge Y, Ahn DK, Unde B, Gage HD, Carr JJ (2013) J Am Med Inform Assoc 20(1): 157-63
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  133. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein as an independent predictor of progressive myocardial functional deterioration: the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis. Choi EY, Yan RT, Fernandes VR, Opdahl A, Gomes AS, Almeida AL, Wu CO, Liu K, Carr JJ, McClelland RL, Bluemke DA, Lima JA (2012) Am Heart J 164(2): 251-8
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  134. Genome-wide association of pericardial fat identifies a unique locus for ectopic fat. Fox CS, White CC, Lohman K, Heard-Costa N, Cohen P, Zhang Y, Johnson AD, Emilsson V, Liu CT, Chen YD, Taylor KD, Allison M, Budoff M, CARDIoGRAM Consortium, Rotter JI, Carr JJ, Hoffmann U, Ding J, Cupples LA, Liu Y (2012) PLoS Genet 8(5): e1002705
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  135. Genome-wide association for abdominal subcutaneous and visceral adipose reveals a novel locus for visceral fat in women. Fox CS, Liu Y, White CC, Feitosa M, Smith AV, Heard-Costa N, Lohman K, GIANT Consortium, MAGIC Consortium, GLGC Consortium, Johnson AD, Foster MC, Greenawalt DM, Griffin P, Ding J, Newman AB, Tylavsky F, Miljkovic I, Kritchevsky SB, Launer L, Garcia M, Eiriksdottir G, Carr JJ, Gudnason V, Harris TB, Cupples LA, Borecki IB (2012) PLoS Genet 8(5): e1002695
    › Primary publication · 22589738 (PubMed) · PMC3349734 (PubMed Central)
  136. Tongue adiposity and strength in healthy older adults. Butler SG, Lintzenich CR, Leng X, Stuart A, Feng X, Carr JJ, Kritchevsky SB (2012) Laryngoscope 122(7): 1600-4
    › Primary publication · 22522371 (PubMed) · PMC3474535 (PubMed Central)
  137. Developing an action plan for patient radiation safety in adult cardiovascular medicine: proceedings from the Duke University Clinical Research Institute/American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Think Tank held on February 28, 2011. Douglas PS, Carr JJ, Cerqueira MD, Cummings JE, Gerber TC, Mukherjee D, Taylor AJ (2012) J Am Coll Cardiol 59(20): 1833-47
    › Primary publication · 22445856 (PubMed)
  138. Pericardial fat and myocardial perfusion in asymptomatic adults from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Brinkley TE, Jerosch-Herold M, Folsom AR, Carr JJ, Hundley WG, Allison MA, Bluemke DA, Burke GL, Szklo M, Ding J (2011) PLoS One 6(12): e28410
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  139. Genome-wide association analysis identifies variants associated with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease that have distinct effects on metabolic traits. Speliotes EK, Yerges-Armstrong LM, Wu J, Hernaez R, Kim LJ, Palmer CD, Gudnason V, Eiriksdottir G, Garcia ME, Launer LJ, Nalls MA, Clark JM, Mitchell BD, Shuldiner AR, Butler JL, Tomas M, Hoffmann U, Hwang SJ, Massaro JM, O'Donnell CJ, Sahani DV, Salomaa V, Schadt EE, Schwartz SM, Siscovick DS, NASH CRN, GIANT Consortium, MAGIC Investigators, Voight BF, Carr JJ, Feitosa MF, Harris TB, Fox CS, Smith AV, Kao WH, Hirschhorn JN, Borecki IB, GOLD Consortium (2011) PLoS Genet 7(3): e1001324
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  140. Coronary calcium score and prediction of all-cause mortality in diabetes: the diabetes heart study. Agarwal S, Morgan T, Herrington DM, Xu J, Cox AJ, Freedman BI, Carr JJ, Bowden DW (2011) Diabetes Care 34(5): 1219-24
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  141. Correlates of coronary artery calcified plaque in blacks and whites with type 2 diabetes. Wagenknecht LE, Divers J, Bertoni AG, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Bowden DW, Elbein SC, Shea S, Lewis CE, Freedman BI (2011) Ann Epidemiol 21(1): 34-41
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  142. Pericardial fat loss in postmenopausal women under conditions of equal energy deficit. Brinkley TE, Ding J, Carr JJ, Nicklas BJ (2011) Med Sci Sports Exerc 43(5): 808-14
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  143. Risk factor differences for aortic versus coronary calcified atherosclerosis: the multiethnic study of atherosclerosis. Criqui MH, Kamineni A, Allison MA, Ix JH, Carr JJ, Cushman M, Detrano R, Post W, Wong ND (2010) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 30(11): 2289-96
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  144. Coffee, decaffeinated coffee, caffeine, and tea consumption in young adulthood and atherosclerosis later in life: the CARDIA study. Reis JP, Loria CM, Steffen LM, Zhou X, van Horn L, Siscovick DS, Jacobs DR, Carr JJ (2010) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 30(10): 2059-66
    › Primary publication · 20616310 (PubMed) · PMC2940975 (PubMed Central)
  145. Calcium/vitamin D supplementation and coronary artery calcification in the Women's Health Initiative. Manson JE, Allison MA, Carr JJ, Langer RD, Cochrane BB, Hendrix SL, Hsia J, Hunt JR, Lewis CE, Margolis KL, Robinson JG, Rodabough RJ, Thomas AM, Women's Health Initiative and Women's Health Initiative-Coronary Artery Calcium Study Investigators (2010) Menopause 17(4): 683-91
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  146. ACCF/ACR/AHA/NASCI/SAIP/SCAI/SCCT 2010 expert consensus document on coronary computed tomographic angiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Expert Consensus Documents. American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Expert Consensus Documents, Mark DB, Berman DS, Budoff MJ, Carr JJ, Gerber TC, Hecht HS, Hlatky MA, Hodgson JM, Lauer MS, Miller JM, Morin RL, Mukherjee D, Poon M, Rubin GD, Schwartz RS (2010) J Am Coll Cardiol 55(23): 2663-99
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  147. ACCF/ACR/AHA/NASCI/SAIP/SCAI/SCCT 2010 expert consensus document on coronary computed tomographic angiography: a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Expert Consensus Documents. American College of Cardiology Foundation Task Force on Expert Consensus Documents, Mark DB, Berman DS, Budoff MJ, Carr JJ, Gerber TC, Hecht HS, Hlatky MA, Hodgson JM, Lauer MS, Miller JM, Morin RL, Mukherjee D, Poon M, Rubin GD, Schwartz RS (2010) Circulation 121(22): 2509-43
    › Primary publication · 20479158 (PubMed)
  148. Percent emphysema, airflow obstruction, and impaired left ventricular filling. Barr RG, Bluemke DA, Ahmed FS, Carr JJ, Enright PL, Hoffman EA, Jiang R, Kawut SM, Kronmal RA, Lima JA, Shahar E, Smith LJ, Watson KE (2010) N Engl J Med 362(3): 217-27
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  149. The association of pericardial fat with incident coronary heart disease: the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA). Ding J, Hsu FC, Harris TB, Liu Y, Kritchevsky SB, Szklo M, Ouyang P, Espeland MA, Lohman KK, Criqui MH, Allison M, Bluemke DA, Carr JJ (2009) Am J Clin Nutr 90(3): 499-504
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  150. Ionizing radiation in cardiac imaging: a science advisory from the American Heart Association Committee on Cardiac Imaging of the Council on Clinical Cardiology and Committee on Cardiovascular Imaging and Intervention of the Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention. Gerber TC, Carr JJ, Arai AE, Dixon RL, Ferrari VA, Gomes AS, Heller GV, McCollough CH, McNitt-Gray MF, Mettler FA, Mieres JH, Morin RL, Yester MV (2009) Circulation 119(7): 1056-65
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  151. Prevalence and progression of subclinical atherosclerosis in younger adults with low short-term but high lifetime estimated risk for cardiovascular disease: the coronary artery risk development in young adults study and multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis. Berry JD, Liu K, Folsom AR, Lewis CE, Carr JJ, Polak JF, Shea S, Sidney S, O'Leary DH, Chan C, Lloyd-Jones DM (2009) Circulation 119(3): 382-9
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  152. Coronary calcium coverage score: determination, correlates, and predictive accuracy in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Brown ER, Kronmal RA, Bluemke DA, Guerci AD, Carr JJ, Goldin J, Detrano R (2008) Radiology 247(3): 669-75
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  153. Coronary calcium as a predictor of coronary events in four racial or ethnic groups. Detrano R, Guerci AD, Carr JJ, Bild DE, Burke G, Folsom AR, Liu K, Shea S, Szklo M, Bluemke DA, O'Leary DH, Tracy R, Watson K, Wong ND, Kronmal RA (2008) N Engl J Med 358(13): 1336-45
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  154. Calcified atherosclerotic plaque and bone mineral density in type 2 diabetes: the diabetes heart study. Carr JJ, Register TC, Hsu FC, Lohman K, Lenchik L, Bowden DW, Langefeld CD, Xu J, Rich SS, Wagenknecht LE, Freedman BI (2008) Bone 42(1): 43-52
    › Primary publication · 17964237 (PubMed) · PMC2239236 (PubMed Central)
  155. Trans fat diet induces abdominal obesity and changes in insulin sensitivity in monkeys. Kavanagh K, Jones KL, Sawyer J, Kelley K, Carr JJ, Wagner JD, Rudel LL (2007) Obesity (Silver Spring) 15(7): 1675-84
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  156. Estrogen therapy and coronary-artery calcification. Manson JE, Allison MA, Rossouw JE, Carr JJ, Langer RD, Hsia J, Kuller LH, Cochrane BB, Hunt JR, Ludlam SE, Pettinger MB, Gass M, Margolis KL, Nathan L, Ockene JK, Prentice RL, Robbins J, Stefanick ML, WHI and WHI-CACS Investigators (2007) N Engl J Med 356(25): 2591-602
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  157. Effect of simvastatin (80 mg) on coronary and abdominal aortic arterial calcium (from the coronary artery calcification treatment with zocor [CATZ] study). Terry JG, Carr JJ, Kouba EO, Davis DH, Menon L, Bender K, Chandler ET, Morgan T, Crouse JR (2007) Am J Cardiol 99(12): 1714-7
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  158. Assessment of coronary artery disease by cardiac computed tomography: a scientific statement from the American Heart Association Committee on Cardiovascular Imaging and Intervention, Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, and Committee on Cardiac Imaging, Council on Clinical Cardiology. Budoff MJ, Achenbach S, Blumenthal RS, Carr JJ, Goldin JG, Greenland P, Guerci AD, Lima JA, Rader DJ, Rubin GD, Shaw LJ, Wiegers SE, American Heart Association Committee on Cardiovascular Imaging and Intervention, American Heart Association Council on Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention, American Heart Association Committee on Cardiac Imaging, Council on Clinical Cardiology (2006) Circulation 114(16): 1761-91
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  159. Type 2 diabetes is not independently associated with spinal trabecular volumetric bone mineral density measured by QCT in the Diabetes Heart Study. Register TC, Lenchik L, Hsu FC, Lohman KK, Freedman BI, Bowden DW, Carr JJ (2006) Bone 39(3): 628-33
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  160. Coronary calcium measurements: effect of CT scanner type and calcium measure on rescan reproducibility--MESA study. Detrano RC, Anderson M, Nelson J, Wong ND, Carr JJ, McNitt-Gray M, Bild DE (2005) Radiology 236(2): 477-84
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  161. Coronary artery calcium outperforms carotid artery intima-media thickness as a noninvasive index of prevalent coronary artery stenosis. Terry JG, Carr JJ, Tang R, Evans GW, Kouba EO, Shi R, Cook DR, Vieira JL, Espeland MA, Mercuri MF, Crouse JR (2005) Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol 25(8): 1723-8
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  162. Dietary linolenic acid is inversely associated with calcified atherosclerotic plaque in the coronary arteries: the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute Family Heart Study. Djoussé L, Arnett DK, Carr JJ, Eckfeldt JH, Hopkins PN, Province MA, Ellison RC, Investigators of the NHLBI FHS (2005) Circulation 111(22): 2921-6
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  163. Pericardial and visceral adipose tissues measured volumetrically with computed tomography are highly associated in type 2 diabetic families. Wheeler GL, Shi R, Beck SR, Langefeld CD, Lenchik L, Wagenknecht LE, Freedman BI, Rich SS, Bowden DW, Chen MY, Carr JJ (2005) Invest Radiol 40(2): 97-101
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  164. Calcified coronary artery plaque measurement with cardiac CT in population-based studies: standardized protocol of Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA) and Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study. Carr JJ, Nelson JC, Wong ND, McNitt-Gray M, Arad Y, Jacobs DR, Sidney S, Bild DE, Williams OD, Detrano RC (2005) Radiology 234(1): 35-43
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  165. Measurement of trabecular bone mineral density in the thoracic spine using cardiac gated quantitative computed tomography. Lenchik L, Shi R, Register TC, Beck SR, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ (2004) J Comput Assist Tomogr 28(1): 134-9
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  166. Adiponectin as a novel determinant of bone mineral density and visceral fat. Lenchik L, Register TC, Hsu FC, Lohman K, Nicklas BJ, Freedman BI, Langefeld CD, Carr JJ, Bowden DW (2003) Bone 33(4): 646-51
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  167. Incidence, manifestations, and predictors of brain infarcts defined by serial cranial magnetic resonance imaging in the elderly: the Cardiovascular Health Study. Longstreth WT, Dulberg C, Manolio TA, Lewis MR, Beauchamp NJ, O'Leary D, Carr J, Furberg CD (2002) Stroke 33(10): 2376-82
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  168. Coronary artery calcium quantification with retrospectively gated helical CT: protocols and techniques. Carr JJ, Danitschek JA, Goff DC, Crouse JR, D'Agostino R, Chen MY, Burke GL (2001) Int J Cardiovasc Imaging 17(3): 213-20
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  169. Stereotactic localization of breast lesions: how it works and methods to improve accuracy. Carr JJ, Hemler PF, Halford PW, Freimanis RI, Choplin RH, Chen MY (2001) Radiographics 21(2): 463-73
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  170. The length of time necessary to break even after converting to digital mammography. Hiatt MD, Carr JJ, Manning RL (2000) J Telemed Telecare 6(4): 222-4
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  171. Evaluation of subsecond gated helical CT for quantification of coronary artery calcium and comparison with electron beam CT. Carr JJ, Crouse JR, Goff DC, D'Agostino RB, Peterson NP, Burke GL (2000) AJR Am J Roentgenol 174(4): 915-21
    › Primary publication · 10749222 (PubMed)
  172. Patient screening prior to MR imaging: a practical approach synthesized from protocols at 15 U. S. medical centers. Elster AD, Link KM, Carr JJ (1994) AJR Am J Roentgenol 162(1): 195-9
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  173. Magnetic resonance contrast agents for neuroimaging. Safety issues. Carr JJ (1994) Neuroimaging Clin N Am 4(1): 43-54
    › Primary publication · 8130951 (PubMed)
  174. Danger in performing MR imaging on women who have tattooed eyeliner or similar types of permanent cosmetic injections. Carr JJ (1995) AJR Am J Roentgenol 165(6): 1546-7
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  175. Plain and computed radiography for detecting experimentally induced pneumothorax in cadavers: implications for detection in patients. Carr JJ, Reed JC, Choplin RH, Pope TL, Case LD (1992) Radiology 183(1): 193-9
    › Primary publication · 1549671 (PubMed)