Automatic detection of the anterior and posterior commissures on MRI scans using regression forests.

Liu Y, Dawant BM
Annu Int Conf IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2014 2014: 1505-8

PMID: 25570255 · PMCID: PMC4422502 · DOI:10.1109/EMBC.2014.6943887

Identification of the anterior and posterior commissure is crucial in stereotactic and functional neurosurgery, human brain mapping, and medical image processing. We present a learning-based algorithm to automatically and rapidly localize these landmarks using random forests regression. Given a point in the image, we extract a set of multi-scale long-range textural features, and associate a probability for this point to be the landmark. We build random forests models to learn the relationship between the value of these features and the probability of a point to be a landmark point. Three-stage coarse-to-fine models are trained for AC and PC separately using down-sampled by 4, down-sampled by 2, and the original images. Testing is performed in a hierarchical approach to first obtain a rough estimation at the coarse level and then fine-tune the landmark position. We extensively evaluate our method in a leave-one-out fashion using a large dataset of 100 T1-weighted images. We also compare our method to the state-of-art AC/PC detection methods including an atlas-based approach with six well-established nonrigid registration algorithms and a publicly available implementation of a model-based approach. Our method results in an overall error of 0.84±0.41mm for AC, 0.83±0.36mm for PC and a maximum error of 2.04mm; it performs significantly better than the model-based AC/PC detection method we compare it to and better than three of the nonrigid registration methods. It is much faster than nonrigid registration methods.

MeSH Terms (15)

Algorithms Brain Brain Mapping Humans Image Processing, Computer-Assisted Imaging, Three-Dimensional Learning Magnetic Resonance Imaging Models, Statistical Normal Distribution Probability Programming Languages Regression Analysis Reproducibility of Results Software

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