Laser range scanning for image-guided neurosurgery: investigation of image-to-physical space registrations.

Cao A, Thompson RC, Dumpuri P, Dawant BM, Galloway RL, Ding S, Miga MI
Med Phys. 2008 35 (4): 1593-605

PMID: 18491553 · PMCID: PMC2811558 · DOI:10.1118/1.2870216

In this article a comprehensive set of registration methods is utilized to provide image-to-physical space registration for image-guided neurosurgery in a clinical study. Central to all methods is the use of textured point clouds as provided by laser range scanning technology. The objective is to perform a systematic comparison of registration methods that include both extracranial (skin marker point-based registration (PBR), and face-based surface registration) and intracranial methods (feature PBR, cortical vessel-contour registration, a combined geometry/intensity surface registration method, and a constrained form of that method to improve robustness). The platform facilitates the selection of discrete soft-tissue landmarks that appear on the patient's intraoperative cortical surface and the preoperative gadolinium-enhanced magnetic resonance (MR) image volume, i.e., true corresponding novel targets. In an 11 patient study, data were taken to allow statistical comparison among registration methods within the context of registration error. The results indicate that intraoperative face-based surface registration is statistically equivalent to traditional skin marker registration. The four intracranial registration methods were investigated and the results demonstrated a target registration error of 1.6 +/- 0.5 mm, 1.7 +/- 0.5 mm, 3.9 +/- 3.4 mm, and 2.0 +/- 0.9 mm, for feature PBR, cortical vessel-contour registration, unconstrained geometric/intensity registration, and constrained geometric/intensity registration, respectively. When analyzing the results on a per case basis, the constrained geometric/intensity registration performed best, followed by feature PBR, and finally cortical vessel-contour registration. Interestingly, the best target registration errors are similar to targeting errors reported using bone-implanted markers within the context of rigid targets. The experience in this study as with others is that brain shift can compromise extracranial registration methods from the earliest stages. Based on the results reported here, organ-based approaches to registration would improve this, especially for shallow lesions.

MeSH Terms (11)

Brain Neoplasms Female Humans Lasers Male Middle Aged Neurosurgical Procedures Reproducibility of Results Sensitivity and Specificity Subtraction Technique Surgery, Computer-Assisted

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