Accurate localization of cortical convolutions in MR brain images.

Ge Y, Fitzpatrick JM, Dawant BM, Bao J, Kessler RM, Margolin RA
IEEE Trans Med Imaging. 1996 15 (4): 418-28

PMID: 18215924 · DOI:10.1109/42.511746

Analysis of brain images often requires accurate localization of cortical convolutions. Although magnetic resonance (MR) brain images offer sufficient resolution for identifying convolutions in theory, the nature of tomographic imaging prevents clear definition of convolutions in individual slices. Existing methods for solving this problem rely on heuristic adaptation of brain atlases created from a small number of individuals. These methods do not usually provide high accuracy because of large biological variations among individuals. The authors propose to localize convolutions by linking realistic visualizations of the cortical surface with the original image volume. They have developed a system so that a user can quickly localize key convolutions in several visualizations of an entire brain surface. Because of the links between the visualizations and the original volume, these convolutions are simultaneously localized in the original image slices. In the process of the authors' development, they have implemented a fast and easy method for visualizing cortical surfaces in MR images, thereby making their scheme usable in practical applications.

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