BACKGROUND - The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of aprotinin on blood loss in extrapleural pneumonectomy and to identify potential treatment-related complications.
METHODS - Between March 1, 1999, and July 1, 2004, 27 (52%) of 52 patients who underwent extrapleural pneumonectomy received half-dose aprotinin (1 million kallikrein inhibition units load; 250,000 kallikrein inhibition units per hour infusion). A retrospective data review and analysis were performed.
RESULTS - The mean age was 59.8 +/- 11 years, and 45 of 52 patients (87%) were male. Indications for extrapleural pneumonectomy were malignant pleural mesothelioma (n = 50) and pleural-based sarcoma (n = 2). The administration of aprotinin had no significant effect on intraoperative blood loss (1,010 +/- 599 versus 1,182 +/- 688 mL; p = 0.34) or units of packed red blood cells transfused intraoperatively (2.0 +/- 1.7 versus 1.9 +/- 1.7 units; p = 0.86). None of the patients who received aprotinin required the use of non-packed red blood cells blood products, but 4 patients (16%) who did not receive aprotinin required such transfusion (p < 0.05). Postoperative chest tube output at 12 and 24 hours was lower in the aprotinin group (381 +/- 195 and 867 +/- 313 mL, respectively) compared with the control group (725 +/- 527 and 1,221 +/- 442 mL, respectively; p < 0.03). There was no significant difference in incidence of postoperative thromboembolic events between the aprotinin and the control group (5 versus 4 patients; p = 1.0), and 2 patients in each group experienced renal insufficiency (p = 1.0).
CONCLUSIONS - Half-dose aprotinin did not decrease intraoperative blood loss or packed red blood cells transfusion in extrapleural pneumonectomy. However, use of aprotinin was associated with decreased use of non-packed red blood cells blood products and lower postoperative chest tube output. Aprotinin administration was not associated with an increase in incidence of postoperative complications.