Comparison of the in vitro replication of the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-1,N2-etheno-2'-deoxyguanosine and 1,N2-etheno-2'-deoxyguanosine lesions by Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 DNA polymerase IV (Dpo4).

Christov PP, Petrova KV, Shanmugam G, Kozekov ID, Kozekova A, Guengerich FP, Stone MP, Rizzo CJ
Chem Res Toxicol. 2010 23 (8): 1330-41

PMID: 20578729 · PMCID: PMC2922457 · DOI:10.1021/tx100082e

Oligonucleotides were synthesized containing the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo adduct, which is derived from the reaction of dGuo and the lipid peroxidation product 4-oxo-2-nonenal. The in vitro replication of 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo by the model Y-family polymerase Sulfolobus solfataricus P2 DNA Polymerase IV (Dpo4) was examined in two sequences. The extension products were sequenced using an improved LC-ESI-MS/MS protocol developed in our laboratories, and the results were compared to that of the 1,N(2)-etheno-dGuo adduct in the same sequence contexts. Both etheno adducts were highly miscoding when situated in 5'-TXG-3' local sequence contexts with <4% of the extension products being derived from error-free bypass. The major extension products resulted from the misinsertion of Ade opposite the adduct and a one-base deletion. The major extension products from replication of the etheno lesions in a 5'-CXG-3' local sequence context were the result of misinsertion of Ade, a one-base deletion, and error-free bypass. Other minor extension products were also identified. The 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo lesion resulted in a larger frequency of misinsertion of Ade, whereas the 1,N(2)-etheno-dGuo gave more of the one-base deletion product. Conformational studies of duplex DNA containing the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo in a 5'-TXG-3' sequence context by NMR indicated the presence of a pH-dependent conformational transition, likely involving the glycosyl bond at the adducted guanosine; the pK(a) for this transition was lower than that observed for the 1,N(2)-epsilon-dGuo lesion. However, the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo lesion, the complementary Cyt, and both flanking base pairs remained disordered at all pH values, which is attributed to the presence of the hydrophobic heptyl group of the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo lesion. The altered pK(a) value and the structural disorder at the 7-(2-oxoheptyl)-etheno-dGuo lesion site, as compared to the same sequence containing the 1,N(2)-etheno-dGuo, may contribute to higher frequency of misinsertion of Ade.

MeSH Terms (8)

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Deoxyadenosines DNA Polymerase beta Guanine Molecular Structure Oligonucleotides Spectrometry, Mass, Electrospray Ionization Sulfolobus solfataricus

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