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Characterizing proteins of unknown function: orphan cytochrome p450 enzymes as a paradigm.

Guengerich FP, Tang Z, Salamanca-Pinzón SG, Cheng Q
Mol Interv. 2010 10 (3): 153-63

PMID: 20539034 · PMCID: PMC2895278 · DOI:10.1124/mi.10.3.6

With the rapid completion of genomic sequences of organisms today, we have far more gene products than functions we can ascribe. A number of experimental strategies have been developed and applied, both in vitro and in vivo, to put functions to these orphan proteins. The "deorphanization" of human and Streptomyces cytochrome P450 enzymes is considered quite important for pharmacology, with ramifications for the use of clinical therapeutics. The myriad of possibilities is too enormous to screen one reaction at a time, thus metabolomic or proteomic screens with complex biological samples are promising current strategies.

MeSH Terms (8)

Bacterial Proteins Cytochrome P-450 Enzyme System Genomics Genomics Humans Metabolomics Proteomics Streptomyces

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