Chromatographic assays of drug oxidation by human cytochrome P450 3A4.

Sohl CD, Cheng Q, Guengerich FP
Nat Protoc. 2009 4 (9): 1252-7

PMID: 19661995 · PMCID: PMC3883453 · DOI:10.1038/nprot.2009.122

Cytochrome P450 enzymes (P450s) are heme-thiolate mono-oxygenases involved in the oxidation of many endogenous and exogenous substrates. Herein, we describe two protocols for measuring the activity of a key enzyme of drug metabolism, P450 3A4. In this protocol, the substrate is incubated with human liver microsomes, the reaction is quenched, and the substrates and products are extracted and subjected to liquid chromatography (LC) separation and detection. Oxidation of the calcium-channel blocker nifedipine is measured using UV-Vis spectroscopy in-line with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). 6beta-Hydroxytestosterone formation from testosterone is measured by HPLC coupled to mass spectrometry (MS). Both of these procedures are rapid, requiring 2 h or less, and can be used to confirm and measure P450 3A4 activity and can also be used as a guide for developing other assays for measuring P450 catalysis. The separation strategy described here is more rapid than many available methods, except when ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) is used.

MeSH Terms (9)

Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid Cytochrome P-450 CYP3A Humans Kinetics Mass Spectrometry Microsomes, Liver Nifedipine Oxidation-Reduction Testosterone

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