, a bio/informatics shared resource is still "open for business" - Visit the CDS website
In this study, wild-type human CYP1A2 without the conventional N-terminal modification (second codon GCT) or the truncation of the N-terminal hydrophobic region was functionally expressed in Escherichia coli. Its enzymatic properties were compared with N-terminally modified CYP1A2. Although modified CYP1A2 is almost all high-spin, some wild-type CYP1A2 shifted to low-spin. Spectral binding titrations with several ligands could be performed with wild-type enzyme, but not with modified enzyme. Kinetic parameters for several substrates were similar for the two CYP1A2 enzymes. However, the oxidation rates of phenacetin by modified enzyme were approximately 2-fold higher than those by wild-type enzyme. The intermolecular isotope effects were approximately 2 for phenacetin O-deethylation catalyzed by both enzymes. However, the wild-type enzyme, but not the modified enzyme, increased C-hydroxylation when O-deethylation rates were lowered by deuterium substitution. Molecular switching indicates that phenacetin rotates within the active site of wild-type enzyme and suggests a looser conformation in the active site of the wild-type enzyme than of the modified enzyme. These results reveal that the overall enzymatic properties of wild-type CYP1A2 enzyme are quite similar to those of modified CYP1A2, although its active site environment seems to differ from that of the modified enzyme.