Impaired islet function in commonly used transgenic mouse lines due to human growth hormone minigene expression.

Brouwers B, de Faudeur G, Osipovich AB, Goyvaerts L, Lemaire K, Boesmans L, Cauwelier EJ, Granvik M, Pruniau VP, Van Lommel L, Van Schoors J, Stancill JS, Smolders I, Goffin V, Binart N, in't Veld P, Declercq J, Magnuson MA, Creemers JW, Schuit F, Schraenen A
Cell Metab. 2014 20 (6): 979-90

PMID: 25470546 · PMCID: PMC5674787 · DOI:10.1016/j.cmet.2014.11.004

The human growth hormone (hGH) minigene is frequently used in the derivation of transgenic mouse lines to enhance transgene expression. Although this minigene is present in the transgenes as a secondcistron, and thus not thought to be expressed, we found that three commonly used lines, Pdx1-Cre(Late), RIP-Cre, and MIP-GFP, each expressed significant amounts of hGH in pancreatic islets. Locally secreted hGH binds to prolactin receptors on β cells, activates STAT5 signaling, and induces pregnancy-like changes in gene expression, thereby augmenting pancreatic β cell mass and insulin content. In addition, islets of Pdx1-Cre(Late) mice have lower GLUT2 expression and reduced glucose-induced insulin release and are protected against the β cell toxin streptozotocin. These findings may be important when interpreting results obtained when these and other hGH minigene-containing transgenic mice are used.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (10)

Animals Female Human Growth Hormone Humans Islets of Langerhans Male Mice Mice, Transgenic Receptors, Prolactin Tryptophan Hydroxylase

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