Ion channels and regulation of insulin secretion in human β-cells: a computational systems analysis.

Fridlyand LE, Jacobson DA, Philipson LH
Islets. 2013 5 (1): 1-15

PMID: 23624892 · PMCID: PMC3662377 · DOI:10.4161/isl.24166

In mammals an increase in glucose leads to block of ATP dependent potassium channels in pancreatic β cells leading to membrane depolarization. This leads to the repetitive firing of action potentials that increases calcium influx and triggers insulin granule exocytosis. Several important differences between species in this process suggest that a dedicated human-oriented approach is advantageous as extrapolating from rodent data may be misleading in several respects. We examined depolarization-induced spike activity in pancreatic human islet-attached β-cells employing whole-cell patch-clamp methods. We also reviewed the literature concerning regulation of insulin secretion by channel activity and constructed a data-based computer model of human β cell function. The model couples the Hodgkin-Huxley-type ionic equations to the equations describing intracellular Ca²⁺ homeostasis and insulin release. On the basis of this model we employed computational simulations to better understand the behavior of action potentials, calcium handling and insulin secretion in human β cells under a wide range of experimental conditions. This computational system approach provides a framework to analyze the mechanisms of human β cell insulin secretion.

MeSH Terms (11)

Animals Calcium Signaling Computer Simulation Humans Insulin Insulin-Secreting Cells Insulin Secretion Ion Channels Models, Biological Secretory Pathway Species Specificity

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