Noncontact dipole effects on channel permeation. I. Experiments with (5F-indole)Trp13 gramicidin A channels.

Busath DD, Thulin CD, Hendershot RW, Phillips LR, Maughan P, Cole CD, Bingham NC, Morrison S, Baird LC, Hendershot RJ, Cotten M, Cross TA
Biophys J. 1998 75 (6): 2830-44

PMID: 9826605 · PMCID: PMC1299956 · DOI:10.1016/S0006-3495(98)77726-4

Gramicidin A (gA), with four Trp residues per monomer, has an increased conductance compared to its Phe replacement analogs. When the dipole moment of the Trp13 side chain is increased by fluorination at indole position 5 (FgA), the conductance is expected to increase further. gA and FgA conductances to Na+, K+, and H+ were measured in planar diphytanoylphosphatidylcholine (DPhPC) or glycerylmonoolein (GMO) bilayers. In DPhPC bilayers, Na+ and K+ conductances increased upon fluorination, whereas in GMO they decreased. The low ratio in the monoglyceride bilayer was not reversed in GMO-ether bilayers, solvent-inflated or -deflated bilayers, or variable fatty acid chain monoglyceride bilayers. In both GMO and DPhPC bilayers, fluorination decreased conductance to H+ but increased conductance in the mixed solution, 1 M KCl at pH 2.0, where K+ dominates conduction. Eadie-Hofstee plot slopes suggest similar destabilization of K+ binding in both lipids. Channel lifetimes were not affected by fluorination in either lipid. These observations indicate that fluorination does not change the rotameric conformation of the side chain. The expected difference in the rate-limiting step for transport through channels in the two bilayers qualitatively explains all of the above trends.

MeSH Terms (18)

Biophysical Phenomena Biophysics Electric Conductivity Fluorine Glycerides Gramicidin Indoles In Vitro Techniques Ion Channels Kinetics Lipid Bilayers Membrane Potentials Models, Chemical Molecular Conformation Onium Compounds Permeability Thermodynamics Tryptophan

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