Insm1 promotes endocrine cell differentiation by modulating the expression of a network of genes that includes Neurog3 and Ripply3.

Osipovich AB, Long Q, Manduchi E, Gangula R, Hipkens SB, Schneider J, Okubo T, Stoeckert CJ, Takada S, Magnuson MA
Development. 2014 141 (15): 2939-49

PMID: 25053427 · PMCID: PMC4197673 · DOI:10.1242/dev.104810

Insulinoma associated 1 (Insm1) plays an important role in regulating the development of cells in the central and peripheral nervous systems, olfactory epithelium and endocrine pancreas. To better define the role of Insm1 in pancreatic endocrine cell development we generated mice with an Insm1(GFPCre) reporter allele and used them to study Insm1-expressing and null populations. Endocrine progenitor cells lacking Insm1 were less differentiated and exhibited broad defects in hormone production, cell proliferation and cell migration. Embryos lacking Insm1 contained greater amounts of a non-coding Neurog3 mRNA splice variant and had fewer Neurog3/Insm1 co-expressing progenitor cells, suggesting that Insm1 positively regulates Neurog3. Moreover, endocrine progenitor cells that express either high or low levels of Pdx1, and thus may be biased towards the formation of specific cell lineages, exhibited cell type-specific differences in the genes regulated by Insm1. Analysis of the function of Ripply3, an Insm1-regulated gene enriched in the Pdx1-high cell population, revealed that it negatively regulates the proliferation of early endocrine cells. Taken together, these findings indicate that in developing pancreatic endocrine cells Insm1 promotes the transition from a ductal progenitor to a committed endocrine cell by repressing a progenitor cell program and activating genes essential for RNA splicing, cell migration, controlled cellular proliferation, vasculogenesis, extracellular matrix and hormone secretion.

© 2014. Published by The Company of Biologists Ltd.

MeSH Terms (28)

Alleles Alternative Splicing Animals Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors Cell Differentiation Cell Lineage Cell Movement Cell Proliferation Cell Separation DNA-Binding Proteins Endocrine Cells Extracellular Matrix Flow Cytometry Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental Gene Regulatory Networks Genes, Reporter Green Fluorescent Proteins Mice Mice, Knockout Nerve Tissue Proteins Pancreas Repressor Proteins RNA RNA Splicing Stem Cells Time Factors Transcription, Genetic Transcription Factors

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