Loss of Foxd3 results in decreased β-cell proliferation and glucose intolerance during pregnancy.

Plank JL, Frist AY, LeGrone AW, Magnuson MA, Labosky PA
Endocrinology. 2011 152 (12): 4589-600

PMID: 21952247 · PMCID: PMC3230055 · DOI:10.1210/en.2010-1462

A complete molecular understanding of β-cell mass expansion will be useful for the improvement of therapies to treat diabetic patients. During normal periods of metabolic challenges, such as pregnancy, β-cells proliferate, or self-renew, to meet the new physiological demands. The transcription factor Forkhead box D3 (Foxd3) is required for maintenance and self-renewal of several diverse progenitor cell lineages, and Foxd3 is expressed in the pancreatic primordium beginning at 10.5 d postcoitum, becoming localized predominantly to β-cells after birth. Here, we show that mice carrying a pancreas-specific deletion of Foxd3 have impaired glucose tolerance, decreased β-cell mass, decreased β-cell proliferation, and decreased β-cell size during pregnancy. In addition, several genes known to regulate proliferation, Foxm1, Skp2, Ezh2, Akt2, and Cdkn1a, are misregulated in islets isolated from these Foxd3 mutant mice. Together, these data place Foxd3 upstream of several pathways critical for β-cell mass expansion in vivo.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Cell Proliferation Cell Size Female Forkhead Transcription Factors Gene Expression Regulation Glucose Intolerance Insulin-Secreting Cells Mice Pancreas Pregnancy Repressor Proteins Sequence Deletion

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