Location bias of identifiers in clinical narratives.

Hanauer DA, Mei Q, Malin B, Zheng K
AMIA Annu Symp Proc. 2013 2013: 560-9

PMID: 24551358 · PMCID: PMC3900199

Scrubbing identifying information from narrative clinical documents is a critical first step to preparing the data for secondary use purposes, such as translational research. Evidence suggests that the differential distribution of protected health information (PHI) in clinical documents could be used as additional features to improve the performance of automated de-identification algorithms or toolkits. However, there has been little investigation into the extent to which such phenomena transpires in practice. To empirically assess this issue, we identified the location of PHI in 140,000 clinical notes from an electronic health record system and characterized the distribution as a function of location in a document. In addition, we calculated the 'word proximity' of nearby PHI elements to determine their co-occurrence rates. The PHI elements were found to have non-random distribution patterns. Location within a document and proximity between PHI elements might therefore be used to help de-identification systems better label PHI.

MeSH Terms (8)

Computer Security Confidentiality Electronic Health Records Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act Humans Medical Records Systems, Computerized Narration United States

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