Differential Expression of NF2 in Neuroepithelial Compartments Is Necessary for Mammalian Eye Development.

Moon KH, Kim HT, Lee D, Rao MB, Levine EM, Lim DS, Kim JW
Dev Cell. 2018 44 (1): 13-28.e3

PMID: 29249622 · PMCID: PMC5760287 · DOI:10.1016/j.devcel.2017.11.011

The optic neuroepithelial continuum of vertebrate eye develops into three differentially growing compartments: the retina, the ciliary margin (CM), and the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). Neurofibromin 2 (Nf2) is strongly expressed in slowly expanding RPE and CM compartments, and the loss of mouse Nf2 causes hyperplasia in these compartments, replicating the ocular abnormalities seen in human NF2 patients. The hyperplastic ocular phenotypes were largely suppressed by heterozygous deletion of Yap and Taz, key targets of the Nf2-Hippo signaling pathway. We also found that, in addition to feedback transcriptional regulation of Nf2 by Yap/Taz in the CM, activation of Nf2 expression by Mitf in the RPE and suppression by Sox2 in retinal progenitor cells are necessary for the differential growth of the corresponding cell populations. Together, our findings reveal that Nf2 is a key player that orchestrates the differential growth of optic neuroepithelial compartments during vertebrate eye development.

Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

MeSH Terms (19)

Adaptor Proteins, Signal Transducing Animals Cell Lineage Cell Polarity Cells, Cultured Cilia Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental Humans Hyperplasia Mice Mice, Knockout Neural Stem Cells Neurofibromin 2 Organogenesis Phenotype Phosphoproteins Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases Retinal Pigment Epithelium Transcription Factors

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