ER trapping reveals Golgi enzymes continually revisit the ER through a recycling pathway that controls Golgi organization.

Sengupta P, Satpute-Krishnan P, Seo AY, Burnette DT, Patterson GH, Lippincott-Schwartz J
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2015 112 (49): E6752-61

PMID: 26598700 · PMCID: PMC4679030 · DOI:10.1073/pnas.1520957112

Whether Golgi enzymes remain localized within the Golgi or constitutively cycle through the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is unclear, yet is important for understanding Golgi dependence on the ER. Here, we demonstrate that the previously reported inefficient ER trapping of Golgi enzymes in a rapamycin-based assay results from an artifact involving an endogenous ER-localized 13-kD FK506 binding protein (FKBP13) competing with the FKBP12-tagged Golgi enzyme for binding to an FKBP-rapamycin binding domain (FRB)-tagged ER trap. When we express an FKBP12-tagged ER trap and FRB-tagged Golgi enzymes, conditions precluding such competition, the Golgi enzymes completely redistribute to the ER upon rapamycin treatment. A photoactivatable FRB-Golgi enzyme, highlighted only in the Golgi, likewise redistributes to the ER. These data establish Golgi enzymes constitutively cycle through the ER. Using our trapping scheme, we identify roles of rab6a and calcium-independent phospholipase A2 (iPLA2) in Golgi enzyme recycling, and show that retrograde transport of Golgi membrane underlies Golgi dispersal during microtubule depolymerization and mitosis.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Cercopithecus aethiops COS Cells Endoplasmic Reticulum Golgi Apparatus HeLa Cells Humans Mitosis Phospholipases A2, Calcium-Independent rab GTP-Binding Proteins Sirolimus Tacrolimus Binding Protein 1A Tacrolimus Binding Proteins

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