Regulation of endoderm formation and left-right asymmetry by miR-92 during early zebrafish development.

Li N, Wei C, Olena AF, Patton JG
Development. 2011 138 (9): 1817-26

PMID: 21447552 · PMCID: PMC3074454 · DOI:10.1242/dev.056697

microRNAs (miRNAs) are a family of 21-23 nucleotide endogenous non-coding RNAs that post-transcriptionally regulate gene expression in a sequence-specific manner. Typically, miRNAs downregulate target genes by recognizing and recruiting protein complexes to 3'UTRs, followed by translation repression or mRNA degradation. miR-92 is a well-studied oncogene in mammalian systems. Here, using zebrafish as a model system, we uncovered a novel tissue-inductive role for miR-92 during early vertebrate development. Overexpression resulted in reduced endoderm formation during gastrulation with consequent cardia and viscera bifida. By contrast, depletion of miR-92 increased endoderm formation, which led to abnormal Kupffer's vesicle development and left-right patterning defects. Using target prediction algorithms and reporter constructs, we show that gata5 is a target of miR-92. Alteration of gata5 levels reciprocally mirrored the effects of gain and loss of function of miR-92. Moreover, genetic epistasis experiments showed that miR-92-mediated defects could be substantially suppressed by modulating gata5 levels. We propose that miR-92 is a critical regulator of endoderm formation and left-right asymmetry during early zebrafish development and provide the first evidence for a regulatory function for gata5 in the formation of Kupffer's vesicle and left-right patterning.

MeSH Terms (13)

Animals Animals, Genetically Modified Base Sequence Body Patterning Cardia Embryo, Nonmammalian Endoderm GATA5 Transcription Factor Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental MicroRNAs Tissue Distribution Viscera Zebrafish

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