Does FACS perturb gene expression?

Richardson GM, Lannigan J, Macara IG
Cytometry A. 2015 87 (2): 166-75

PMID: 25598345 · DOI:10.1002/cyto.a.22608

Fluorescence activated cell sorting is the technique most commonly used to separate primary mammary epithelial sub-populations. Many studies incorporate this technique before analyzing gene expression within specific cellular lineages. However, to our knowledge, no one has examined the effects of fluorescence activated cell sorting (FACS) separation on short-term transcriptional profiles. In this study, we isolated a heterogeneous mixture of cells from the mouse mammary gland. To determine the effects of the isolation and separation process on gene expression, we harvested RNA from the cells before enzymatic digestion, following enzymatic digestion, and following a mock FACS sort where the entire cohort of cells was retained. A strict protocol was followed to minimize disruption to the cells, and to ensure that no subpopulations were enriched or lost. Microarray analysis demonstrated that FACS causes minimal disruptions to gene expression patterns, but prior steps in the mammary cell isolation process are followed by upregulation of 18 miRNA's and rapid decreases in their predicted target transcripts. © 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.

© 2015 International Society for Advancement of Cytometry.

MeSH Terms (10)

Animals Female Flow Cytometry Gene Expression Gene Expression Profiling Mammary Glands, Animal Mice Mice, Inbred C3H MicroRNAs Up-Regulation

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